Food Deserts: Causes, Effects, and Solutions
Food deserts are places where residents have limited access to nutritious, inexpensive meals ( 1 ,2). Food deserts, also known as healthy food priority regions, are concentrated in low-income and historically disadvantaged areas throughout the United States, with the majority of them located in low-income and historically marginalized communities ( 1 ,2,3, 4 ). Food deserts are areas where healthful foods such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, dairy, peas, beans, meat, and fish are either prohibitively costly or impossible to get.
Food deserts are discussed in this article, including their causes, health consequences, and proposed solutions.
Public policy and economic activities that are rooted in systemic racism are frequently implicated in this phenomenon.
In low-income and historically marginalized communities, problems such as food poverty, social determinants of health, racial residential segregation, and limited access to transportation are all variables that contribute to health inequalities ( 1 , 7 ,8,9).
Food deserts are areas where people have limited access to nutritious, cheap meals, according to the USDA ( 1 ,2). Food deserts, also known as healthy food priority regions, are concentrated in low-income and historically disadvantaged areas throughout the United States, with the majority of them located in low-income and historically marginalized communities ( 1 ,2,3, 4 ). Healthful foods such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, dairy products, peas and beans, meat and fish are either unavailable or prohibitively costly in food deserts.
Food deserts are discussed in this article, along with their causes, health consequences, and possible solutions.
In many instances, public policy and economic practices that are rooted in systematic racism are used to further the cause.
In low-income and historically marginalized communities, variables such as food poverty, socioeconomic determinants of health, racial residential segregation, and limited access to transportation all play a role ( 1 , 7 ,8,9).
According to the United States Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), 17.4 million American families were food insecure in 2014, according to their estimations (9). Food security is defined as the availability of adequate healthy foods to all people at all times, both physically and economically. It is food insecurity that happens when this access is disturbed or constrained (10). Temporary food insecurity, such as running out of food for a day or two, can lead to long-term food insecurity as demonstrated by chronic poverty and limited access to food (10).
Food insecurity is 2.5 times as prevalent among low-income groups living in food deserts than it is in the general population (9).
Social determinants of health
The social determinants of health are elements that are out of your control, such as access to healthcare or transportation, and that have an impact on your overall health and well-being. These elements have a significant influence in the development of food deserts (11). Income, community infrastructure, and access to supermarkets are all factors that impact the availability of nutritious meals. Other socioeconomic determinants of health that may play a role in the development of food deserts include as follows (1, 8, 11, 12):
- Education, employment, and job training, socioeconomic status and concentrated poverty, access to healthcare, access to local food markets and fresh produce, access to transportation, racial segregation, and public safety are all important considerations.
Food deserts are characterized by health inequalities that include high prevalence of chronic illnesses among historically marginalized and low-income populations, as well as high incidence of obesity and diabetes ( 1 ,2, 7 ,11).
Low-income neighborhoods contain a disproportionately large number of Black and Latino people, who are disproportionately disadvantaged by inadequate food availability ( 1 , 7 ,9). It has been demonstrated repeatedly that racial segregation places historically underprivileged communities, notably Black people, in economically depressed neighborhoods ( 7 ,9). In 2016, as compared to the national average, Black families were two times more likely to be food insecure, and Hispanic households had a higher incidence of food insecurity than other ethnic groups in the United States (9).
Transportation and proximity to supermarkets
A substantial majority of Black and Latino people live in low-income neighborhoods; these people are disproportionately affected by food insecurity ( 1 , 7 ,9). It has been demonstrated repeatedly that racial segregation places historically underprivileged communities, notably Black people, in economically depressed areas ( 7 ,9). The prevalence of food insecurity was two times higher among Black families in 2016 than it was among non-Hispanic white households, while Hispanic households had a higher incidence of food insecurity than white households in 2016.
Most notably, 76 percent of communities with a significant concentration of Black people were also among the poorest ( 7 ).
Community gardens not only help to create green areas and beautify the neighborhood, but they also provide fresh, nutritious produce and inspire people to eat more healthfully. Aside from that, they provide fundamental skills and information about environmental issues such as planting techniques and where food comes from. Finally, communal gardens have the potential to encourage people to invest in their own health.
Farmers markets, arabbers, and roadside carts
Community markets encourage the use of locally produced goods as well as the consumption of cultural cuisines that are both appealing to the general public and beneficial to a balanced diet. Farmers markets allow you to shop directly from producers while also supporting a flourishing local economy. Arabbers, who are street vendors that sell fruits and vegetables from horse-drawn carts, as well as wayside produce carts, may also help to establish economic possibilities and enhance food availability in food-deficient communities.
The USDA’s Community Food Projects (CFP) Competitive Grant program is a possible source of financing to help such organizations get off the ground and grow over time (13,22).
Surplus food sharing
Community markets encourage the use of locally produced goods as well as the consumption of cultural cuisines that are both appealing to the general public and beneficial to one’s health. Buyers who shop at farmers markets promote a flourishing local economy by purchasing directly from growers. Similarly to street vendors who sell fruits and vegetables from horse-drawn carts, wayside produce carts have the potential to generate economic opportunities while improving food access in food deserts.
Federal resources for low-income people to get healthy foods
- Community markets encourage the use of locally produced goods as well as the consumption of cultural cuisines that are both appealing to the general public and beneficial to one’s diet. Farmers markets allow you to purchase directly from producers while also supporting a flourishing local economy. Arabbers – street sellers who sell fruits and vegetables on horse-drawn carts — and wayside produce carts may also help to establish economic possibilities and enhance food availability in food deserts. The USDA’s Community Food Projects (CFP) Competitive Grant program is a possible source of financing to help such projects get off the ground and grow in strength (13,22).
Nongovernmental food assistance programs
- The provision of medically customized meal delivery and nutrition instruction by Meals on Wheels and other groups such as Moveable Feast is intended to promote racial, socioeconomic, and health justice. In a number of locations throughout the world, Food Not Bombs delivers free vegetarian and vegan dinners. Wholesome Wave collaborates with neighborhood groups to alleviate food insecurity and give nutritious food to those in need of assistance. Low-income populations can get food through food pantries, soup kitchens, and food banks operated by religious or community organizations, which helps to alleviate food insecurity and hunger.
SummaryLocal markets, community gardens, surplus food sharing programs, government food assistance programs, and food pantries are examples of community-based initiatives to enhance access to inexpensive, healthful meals in food deserts. If you need emergency food assistance, call the USDA’s National Hunger Hotline at 1-866-3-HUNGRY (1-866-348-6479) or 1-877-8-HAMBRE (1-877-842-6273), which is open Monday through Friday from 7:00 a.m. to 10:00 p.m. Eastern Standard Time (EST).
How to improve your nutrition on a budget
No matter how tight your budget is or where you live, there are different methods to consume healthy foods on a limited budget or without access to high-quality, fresh produce. Here are a few examples (23):
- Invest on canned or frozen foods. Fresh meat, fruits, and vegetables are more expensive than canned or frozen foods, but they are also more nutritious and last longer when compared to fresh alternatives. When feasible, choose canned foods that are low in sodium. Nonmeat protein sources can also be considered. For many people, meat represents a significant component of their food expenditures, particularly in the winter. Dried peas and beans have the same amount of protein as meat, but they are less expensive and stay longer. Foods that are in season should be purchased. When it comes to fruits and vegetables, in-season product is simpler to come by and less expensive than out-of-season stuff. Visit roadside booths or other local markets to purchase small amounts of fresh vegetables if they are available in your region in order to reduce food waste. Leftovers should be frozen. Freeze leftovers for reheating later in the week to save money and reduce food waste. It is also possible to reuse leftovers. Take, for example, ordinary rice leftover from Sunday supper, which may be transformed into veggie rice for Monday or Tuesday.
Canned or frozen foods should be purchased. Fresh meat, fruits, and vegetables are more expensive than canned or frozen foods, but they are also more nutritious and stay longer when compared to fresh foods. When feasible, choose canned foods that are low in sodium; experiment with different types of protein. Many people’s food costs are dominated by the purchase of meat. Compared to meat, dried peas and beans have the same amount of protein, but are less expensive and last longer. Foods that are in season are best to purchase.
Visit roadside booths or other local markets to purchase small amounts of fresh vegetables if they are available in your region in order to reduce food waste.
Also, leftovers can be repurposed.
Fight food deserts! 5 ways to combat food insecurity in your community
Even when we think about the battle for racial and economic justice, food does not usually come to mind as something that should be prioritized. However, it should! Food insecurity, in fact, is a significant factor to health inequalities in the United States. And persons who are food insecure are disproportionately low-income and people of color, according to the data. Because access to nutritious food has been shown to have a positive impact on mental and physical health, job stability, and educational outcomes, it is evident that this is a problem that must be addressed.
Five ioby Leaders who have made it their business to enhance the food scene in their own communities have provided some working definitions and how-to ideas to help you get oriented in the food maze below.
They may be unable to get inexpensive, nutritious foods, resulting in nutritional deficiencies in their diets.” Food insecurity is defined by the United States Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion as “the disturbance of food intake or eating patterns as a result of a lack of financial and other resources.” “Food insecurity affected 17.4 million families in the United States at some point during the year 2014.”
How to fight food deserts! 5 ways to work for food justice in your community
In Newark, New Jersey, a group of community gardeners known as the SWAG Project gathered more than $6,000 in order to invest in their garden and engage their neighbors more closely.
1.SWAG Project: Newark, New Jersey
What kind of an influence do they have? By enlisting the help of children SWAG is a Newark, New Jersey-based urban farm, food justice, and community development initiative that was founded in 2011. The SWAG program has been trying to reverse the tide against food deserts in New Jersey for almost ten years. They do this by educating local kids (and their parents) about urban agriculture while also working as a community and taking an active part in their health. Southwest Agriculture Group raised more than $6,000 with the help of ioby to begin collecting rainwater, build two new compost bins, construct a hoop house frame for germinating plants, and provide long-term internships to local high school and college students, all with the aim to improve their sustainability and self-sufficiency on the farm.
2.Deeply Rooted Produce Mobile Grocery Store: Detroit, Michigan
What kind of an influence do they have? By transporting food to an arid location Approximately 48% of Detroit families are food insecure, according to the city’s data. Founded by Dazmonique Carr, Deeply Rooted Produce provides nutrition education seminars, health evaluations, and consultations with health specialists to empower Detroiters to take charge of their health and food by offering a variety of services. Dazmonique earned over $4,000 through ioby, which she used to purchase a vehicle for Deeply Rooted’s mobile grocery store.
A group of long-time Macon neighbors has come together to care for their own neighborhood, including the development of Georgia’s first “agrihood” and the fight against their own food desert.
3.Georgia’s First Agrihood: Macon, Georgia
What kind of an influence do they have? By making use of what is currently available Making a list of what a neighborhood has, rather than what it needs, and constructing a community from those starting points is the goal of asset-based community development. Angry at seeing grocery shops disappear and buildings demolished in his once-thriving neighborhood, Macon native Danny Glover determined to revitalize the area’s agricultural traditions by utilizing what was still available: land, friends, and community spirit.
“Underneath the blight and overgrown brush that has taken over many vacant plots in the South, there is well rested healthy soil that is ready to be converted into productive farming and gardening land,” Danny explains.
4.Prospect Community Garden: Kansas City (Jackson County), Missouri
What kind of an influence do they have? By cultivating for themselves what they are unable to obtain from merchants. In Jackson County, according to the Kansas City Community Gardens (KCCG), 19 percent of the population is considered food insecure. Fortunately, community gardening is a proven method of boosting access to and affordability of nutritious foods for all people. The Kansas City Community Garden sponsors approximately 450 garden locations in the Kansas City metro area; in 2016, they assisted 20,000 households in growing half a million pounds of food, a record year.
Gardening on raised beds, fruit plant care, and cooking with garden products were among the topics covered during community seminars that followed their garden development work days.
Caso: The Next Step, a non-profit organization based in New York City, gathered funds to offer walking tours that highlighted health options in their region.
5.Five food security projects that are helping to revive and sustain communities: This nationwide grab bag of food justice initiatives shows how residents are making an impact by:
GrowNYC’s Greenmarket initiative in New York City is a good example of how to start new local green markets. In addition to creating the next generation of food and social justice leaders (at Community Services Unlimited in Los Angeles), Cada Paso: The Next Step in New York City provides walking tours of the neighborhood’s health services (at Cada Paso: The Next Step in New York City). The reality of food deserts, food insecurity, and food justice will continue to change and become more complicated over the years.
Do you already have a concept for a food-related initiative in your community in mind?
We can assist you in making your dream a reality.
5 Innovative Solutions to Food Deserts
Food deserts are regions where it is difficult to obtain fresh produce. Food deserts, as defined by the USDA as “parts of the country devoid of fresh fruit, vegetables, and other healthful whole foods, which are typically found in impoverished areas,” are primarily caused by a scarcity of grocery stores, farmers markets, and other healthy food providers in these communities. They have the potential to make a substantial contribution to food insecurity. A flawed food system that creates an alarming amount of waste while simultaneously leaving entire populations with limited access to food, as evidenced by the fact that food deserts are most commonly located in low-income areas, is the cause of food deserts.
There are a variety of solutions being tested to bring food into these food deserts, with some of the most intriguing and effective ones being developed by grassroots projects that engage directly with the people who live in the neighborhoods they serve.
Here are our top five picks for you.
1. Food Co-ops
If you are unable to persuade large grocery chains to expand their operations into your community, consider establishing a local food cooperative. It is no small endeavor, but worker-owned cooperatives have the potential to build the local economy, create employment, empower people to take their lives and work into their own hands, and alleviate food insecurity by empowering them to do so. For example, the Wirth Cooperative Grocery in North Minneapolis, Minnesota, and the Renaissance Community Cooperative in Northeast Greensboro, North Carolina, are two contemporary instances of food co-ops that have taken on this task.
2. Mobile Food Market
The Mobile Food Marketprovides fresh, high-quality, culturally relevant, and inexpensive meals to those living in food deserts in Halifax, Nova Scotia, and the surrounding area.
In order to achieve its goals of establishing healthy, equitable and sustainable food systems while also fostering community participation, the initiative collaborates with producers, charities, corporations, governments, and community organizations.
3. Bus Stop Farmers Markets
The key to bringing food into food deserts is to make it as simple as possible for individuals to get their hands on fresh, nutritious foods. Farmer’s markets at bus stops place food where people already are, making it easier for them to fill up on fresh fruits and vegetables on their way home from the office.
4. Ujamaa Freedom Market
Ujamaa Freedom Market is a worker-owned cooperative mobile market that operates in the city of Ujamaa. Weekly, the market delivers fresh fruits and vegetables, nutritious prepared foods, home products, and personal care items to impoverished neighborhoods in and around Asheville, North Carolina, according to the organization’s website. TheGreen Cartsproject in New York City is another example of a mobile food cart that provides nutritious meals to those in food-scarce regions.
5. LA Kitchen
LA Kitchen is a Los Angeles-based enterprise that recovers fresh, local food from the waste stream to feed the poor while also providing culinary training to unemployed adults, notably those who have just been released from jail or who are aging out of the foster care system. The meals that program members prepare are provided to the most disadvantaged people in the community, with a particular emphasis on the elderly. Despite the fact that LA Kitchen is not explicitly concerned with alleviating food deserts, it does provide fresh meals to individuals who otherwise would not have access to them.
Articles that are related:
- La Cocina de Los Angeles (LA Kitchen) is a Los Angeles-based project that recovers nutritious, locally sourced food from the waste stream to feed the hungry while also providing culinary training to unemployed adults, particularly those leaving prison and foster children who have aged out of the foster care system. The meals that program members prepare are provided to the most disadvantaged people in the community, with a particular emphasis on the elderly. Los Angeles Kitchen, although not directly addressing the issue of food deserts, helps those who have limited access to fresh goods get their hands on them. Where do you see the most potential for supplying fresh food to underserved communities? articles that are related to this one include
5 Ways to Help Areas Impacted by Food Deserts
In particular, during this holiday season, we should take the time to express our gratitude, especially in light of the fact that many people around the country lack access to basic essentials such as nutritious food. The Food Empowerment Project defines food deserts as areas where residents’ access to affordable, healthy food options is restricted or non-existent due to a lack of grocery stores within a reasonable traveling distance. If you haven’t heard of this term before, it is a phrase you should be familiar with.
- These customers therefore rely on easily available, less nutritious food, such as things found at petrol stations and convenience stores, to meet their nutritional needs.
- Additional food delivery issues are tough to overcome, especially given the scarcity of fresh food and fruit in the area.
- Residents of these communities frequently have restricted access to public transit, which, in turn, results in reduced access to nutritious foods for their families.
- As a result, diet-related disorders such as diabetes and obesity have a disproportionate impact on these populations.
- Jobs in the food retail industry assist to provide opportunities for residents, rejuvenate neighborhoods by bringing in new businesses and consumers, and aid to avoid diet-related disorders.
Now that you have a better understanding of the incidence and severity of food deserts, read on to find out how you can assist communities who are affected by them.
1. Support small grocers
It is critical to provide assistance to small grocery stores in disadvantaged areas. The higher the success of small businesses, the greater the chance for them to expand and provide goods and services to a broader number of areas. Local grocers that are successful may collect local funds and reinvest them back into their own areas, resulting in increased economic growth.
2.Work for Instacart and other delivery services
One option for inhabitants of these damaged communities is to place an order for their groceries to be delivered to them. Living in Roseland, a neighborhood on the south side of Chicago, has been a dream come true. This neighborhood meets the definition of a food desert. Using Instacart delivery from local areas and my weekly Imperfect Foods delivery, I am able to receive fresh goods while also reducing food waste. If you have the availability of time and a vehicle, consider working with Instacart in communities that are experiencing food deserts.
3.Help to ensure delivery services cater to all areas
Meal delivery services are extremely handy, but many of them do not serve the communities who are in most need of them. There are very few firms that bring meals to underserved communities, whether they are third-party delivery services (such as GrubHub, DoorDash, or Postmates) or huge national chains (such as McDonald’s). In fact, even third-party organizations who deliver to these communities only have unhealthy alternatives from local eateries to offer their customers. The ability to expand the delivery radius is critical.
4.Start a food pantry or partner with one
Food pantries, which are located in many areas and give free or subsidized grocery products to inhabitants of the area, are available to those in need. Usually, these are associated with a religious or other charitable institution. You may join forces with these organizations and provide your time or money to help them in their ongoing efforts to provide meals to those in need of assistance. If you know of an area that is in need of assistance, you could potentially create your own food pantry.
5. Develop food waste plans
I strongly urge restaurants, event venues, and any other establishment that serves food to implement a food waste strategy that includes frequent contributions of surplus food to underserved areas and neighborhoods in the community. Choose to work with an organization that can keep and distribute the food instead of wasting away pounds of food every evening. I sought the advice of my colleague Lauren Draftz in order to obtain a more expert view. Lauren earned her Master of Public Health in Social Epidemiology while working on projects that addressed food inequality and adolescent health.
Lauren believes that, in addition to the advice I’ve provided above, it’s critical to tailor the answer to the unique needs of the community.
A longer-term answer would be to establish food co-ops in conjunction with urban farms and community gardens to enhance product offerings.
Make whatever contribution you can to the elimination of food deserts this Christmas season, whether it’s on a little scale or a huge one that will make a significant difference in the overall resolution of this national catastrophe.
Did this post assist you in moving closer to reaching one of your objectives?
In recognition of the problem with the term “food desert,” which according to the USDA is defined primarily by proximity to food providers without taking into account other factors such as racism, cost of living, people being time and cash poor, cultural appropriateness of available foods, people’s ability to grow their own foods and so on, the Food Empowerment Project (F.E.P.) has developed a model that takes into account all of these factors.
- Food Apartheid and Food Oppression are more appropriate phrases, according to the Food and Environment Project, but because food desert is the term that is most widely used, we have chosen to use it as our title.
- The Economic Research Service of the United States Department of Agriculture recently issued a report for Congress that found that 2.3 million persons (or 2.2 percent of all US families) live more than one mile distant from a supermarket and do not have access to a vehicle.
- However, economic forces have driven grocery stores out of many cities in recent years, making them so few and far between that a single person’s food shopping trip may require taking multiple buses or trains.
- As demonstrated by the Food Empowerment Project’s study, “Shining a Light on the Valley of Heart’s Delight(PDF),” it is easy to ignore towns that are located in food deserts when depending solely on statistics gathered by the United States Department of Agriculture.
Thus, a municipality with no supermarket and just two corner grocery stores that sell booze and food would be considered to have two retail food outlets, even though the variety of foods served may be relatively restricted and consist primarily of fast food.” Residents of food deserts may also have difficulty locating foods that are culturally appropriate for them, and dietary restrictions, such as lactose intolerance, gluten allergies, and other food sensitivities, may limit the food options available to those who do not have access to larger chain stores that offer a wider variety of foods and ingredients.
In addition, research have indicated that urban residents who shop for food at small neighborhood businesses spend between 3 and 37 percent more than suburbanites who shop for the same things at supermarkets, depending on the commodity.
For example, whereas the total price of fruits and vegetables in the United States climbed by over 75% between 1989 and 2005, the overall price of fatty meals decreased by more than 26% during the same period.
While unhealthy eating may be more cost-effective in the short term, the long-term consequences of limited access to healthy foods are one of the primary reasons that ethnic minorities and low-income populations have statistically higher rates of obesity, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and other diet-related conditions than the general population in the United States.
Only twenty years ago, type 2 diabetes was almost unknown among those under the age of 40.
Among recent years, the incidence of type 2 diabetes has increased across all demographic groups; however, the highest increases have been seen in black and brown populations.
These are also the populations that are most likely to live in food deserts, and studies have shown a clear link between food insecurity and an increase in the number of people who develop diabetes.
In order to explain this discrepancy, researchers emphasize that the high-calorie foods that are most readily available in food deserts put residents living in these areas at greater risk for diabetes in the first place, and that having limited access to healthy foods also makes it more difficult for them to manage diabetes once they are diagnosed with the disease.
One of the most important risk factors for cardiovascular disease is a diet rich in unhealthy fats and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, which is characterised by the sorts of food that are typically accessible in food desert areas.
As a result of the higher incidence of obesity in food desert regions, even children and adolescents living in those areas are at increased risk for cardiovascular disease (both now and when they reach maturity), according to the American Heart Association.
As part of the “Let’s Move” campaign to address childhood obesity, First Lady Michelle Obama has set a goal of eliminating food deserts by 2017, with a $400 million government investment centered on granting tax benefits to supermarkets that establish in low-income neighborhoods as a part of the program.
Chicago– In food deserts, more than 500,000 persons (most of whom are African-American) live, and an additional 400,000 live in communities where there are a disproportionate number of fast food businesses and no grocery stores nearby.
Along with offering fresh and organic fruits and vegetables, bulk whole grains and beans, and soy-based meat substitutes, some of these stores (such as Fresh Family Foods, located on the city’s South Side) also provide cooking and nutrition classes to educate the public about making nutritious food choices.
- Because fewer fast food restaurants were available, there was a greater demand for more and better food options.
- So far, these measures have been successful in bringing the first new grocery to South L.A.
- New York City is a city that has a lot of things to offer.
- Increased rents and shrinking profit margins have caused supermarkets throughout New York City to close in recent years.
- Since 2008, the city has been operating its Green Carts initiative, which has been distributing inexpensive fresh fruits and vegetables to impoverished communities while also offering employment opportunities for vendor participants.
- What can I do if I live in an area where there is no access to food?
- To begin, it’s a good idea to talk about alternative choices, such as producing your own food or collaborating with local businesses to provide healthy, vegan meals.
You can also contact out to others who have worked on this subject if you want to learn more.
The Economic Research Service of the United States Department of Agriculture published a report in 2009 titled Bryan provided this information on August 25, 2017.
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How can cities end food deserts? Here are 4 solutions that worked
People all throughout Louisville are dreaming of innovative methods to provide nutritious food to the communities that really need it. Might the University of Louisville establish a research grocery store where students could evaluate business techniques while also providing a convenient shopping option for residents? Would it be beneficial if high school students taught elders how to place grocery orders for delivery? Is it really necessary to recreate the wheel? Grocery businesses have been withdrawing out of low-income neighborhoods around the country for several years.
The most recent: Would you consider shopping at a mobile food store?
In 30 seconds or less: What you need to know about Louisville’s food deserts is as follows: According to writer Bailey Loosemore, who was working on a documentary about food access in Louisville, there are various alternatives that have been proved successful in other cities.
Virtual Supermarket Program | BALTIMORE
Baltimore City’s health department has run a virtual grocery program since 2010. Residents may purchase goods online and pick them up in a variety of sites, including libraries, apartment complexes, and senior centers, since 2010. It is free to use the service, and residents may pay for their orders with Electronic Benefit Transfer cards, which were originally known as food stamps. For the purpose of filling orders, the health department collaborates with a local store operator, and community members are trained to manage the locations.
Related: How Louisville’s six grocery delivery firms compare to one another
Dollar Store Restrictions| TULSA
Earlier this year, the Oklahoma City Council enacted an ordinance restricting the expansion of new dollar shops in north Tulsa, a largely African-American neighborhood with limited access to nutritious food alternatives. The majority of dollar stores do not have a wide variety of fresh fruits, vegetables, or meats. A nonprofit organization that promotes citizen empowerment, the Institute for Local Self-Reliance, contends that corporations such as Family Dollar and Dollar Tree overwhelm towns, making it hard for food shops to establish a foothold in the area.
A new grocery shop, which opened its doors last year, has already attracted attention to the region.
Following community objections, the city of Louisville has ruled that Family Dollar stores cannot sell alcohol.
The ReFresh Project | NEW ORLEANS
ReFresh Project is a communal food center that opened its doors in an abandoned grocery store in 2014 to serve the local community. The Whole Foods Market, which was established as a prototype “urban format” shop as part of the $20 million project, serves as its focal point. In addition to cooking classes, the center offers programs that educate people how to cultivate their own vegetables and work in a professional kitchen setting.
It also serves as the location of the Boys Town children and families center as well as many offices for food-related organizations. More information on the project may be found here.
Healthy Food Financing| PENNSYLVANIA
A statewide Fresh Food Financing Initiative was developed in Pennsylvania in 2004 to assist fresh food initiatives in low-income areas. This initiative utilized public and private funds to support fresh food projects. Grant funding from the state was used to kickstart the initiative, which was then leveraged by a financial institution into an extra $145 million in additional investments that may be provided to projects in the form of grants or loans. It received 206 submissions and awarded finance for 88 projects by 2009, making it the most successful effort to date.
Over 320 million dollars has been distributed to communities across the country by federal authorities since 2011.
More coverage may be seen here.
Louisville is experiencing a fresh food shortage.
How a low-income area in Louisville transformed into a fresh food haven The price of eggs at Kroger is determined by your geographic location.
Nikki Boliaux and Matt Stone of the Louisville Courier Journal contributed to this article.
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