Changing the language of food scarcity in Dayton
It’s a scorching August day at the Kroger on Siebenthaler Ave. in West Dayton, and the customers are complaining. Erica Crawford is in the process of packing groceries into her vehicle. There isn’t a Kroger store in her immediate vicinity. Shopping, on the other hand, is not the highlight of her day. “I don’t often go to this Kroger since it’s in a ghetto,” she explained, referring to the location. Crawford lives near Drexel, a West Dayton community that lacks access to full-service food shops, according to the Associated Press.
Alex Bell Road south of Moraine, she explained, offers a greater choice of items and is a more pleasant shopping experience because of the improved environment.
is filthy, poorly maintained, and that the product isn’t as fresh as it should be.
Other grocery businesses in West Dayton have closed in the previous few years, according to him.
- It’s a piece of garbage, and you can smell the fish counter before you ever get to it,” says the narrator.
- “However, that’s just how things work on this side of town.” “They took away the stores, and now there’s nothing here.” Some people feel there is a pattern here.
- Kenya is referred to be a food desert, although the title is a misnomer.
- Instead, she believes that the phrase “food apartheid” should be used.
- She argues that referring to towns that lack access to food shops as “deserts” does not really depict locations such as West Dayton, where she lives.
- It’s done on purpose.
- “Then why would we refer to it as a food desert?”
A history of disinvestment
Food deserts, according to the United States Department of Agriculture, are defined as places with a high concentration of low-income households, limited access to public transit, and a small number of food shops who offer fresh produce and healthful goods at reasonable rates. When you consider the history of disinvestment and redlining — which restricted Black people from settling in particular sections of the city — it’s no surprise that Black neighborhoods typically lack access to good and inexpensive food today, according to Baker.
Baker expressed himself.
It was determined that the redlined areas, which were primarily concentrated in parts of west Dayton, were “hazardous” or that they contained “undesirable populations, or that they had been infiltrated by them, “Home Owners’ Loan Corporation is a federal housing program that provides loans to home buyers.
- Kroger claims to be one of the world’s largest retailers, and its plan has been to continue to develop its Marketplace locations, which are typically larger and feature a greater variety of higher-end items than other Kroger stores.
- In spite of numerous inquiries, the corporation did not respond to a request for comment on this article.
- West Dayton has seen the closure of a number of Kroger shops as well as other grocery stores such as ALDI in recent years.
- Photo courtesy of Alejandro Figueroa/WYSOCThe Kroger store on Needmore Rd.
- Earlier this year, a Kroger store in Columbus shuttered on the northeast part of the city, which is home to a low-income community.
- Kroger’s corporate relations manager, according to an item in the Columbus Dispatch, stated that the store’s lack of profit was the reason for the closure.
Regardless, Baker and others continue to see this as proof of a food system that does not provide equal access to all of its residents.
Urban development as an obstacle
Jill Clark is an associate professor of food policy at The Ohio State University. She believes that the term “food desert” does not adequately describe what is taking place. The fact that people have a misperception of what a desert is to begin with is due to the fact that there are many things to do to survive in the desert, according to Clark. “It implies a scarcity of food while, in fact, there is a variety of bad food available, particularly in metropolitan areas,” says the author. Kroger Although marketplaces are not often found in low-income neighborhoods, fast food restaurants, petrol stations, and Family Dollar shops are commonplace – establishments that frequently sell food that is highly processed and lacking in freshness or nutritional value.
- One of the reasons for this is the concentration and consolidation of supermarket merchants.
- It also means that shops will be more sensitive to shifting consumer desires in the future.
- Moreover, businesses in metropolitan regions must cope with more complicated zoning regulations and permit applications.
- In order to obtain adequate land, parking at work, and turn radiuses for semis, it is necessary to work really hard.
- It was pointed out by Clark that grocery shops are also for-profit enterprises with a financial incentive to locate where the money is, which is consistent with the flow of wealth to the suburbs.
- According to a USDA national food insecurity study released in 2020, Black families were three times more likely than white households to be food insecure in 2020.
- The answer, according to Amaha Sellassie, the head of the board of directors of the Gem City Market, must be selected by the community.
Some believe that theGem City Market, located on the junction of Salem and Superior Avenues in northwest Dayton, is a key component of the answer to the food availability problem.
It is a worker-owned and community-supported grocery shop.
Sellassie explained that the market is more than simply a grocery shop; it is also a gathering place for the community.
“Can you tell me what you want to see in terms of schools, stores, employment, and parks?” It necessitates our participation as characters in the tale that we are constructing “sellassie shared his thoughts.
Baker argues that it is past time to abandon the phrase “food desert” and to refer to the issue as it truly is: a crisis.
Baker expressed himself.
Because they understand that if man can develop something, he can also redesign it.” Alejandro Figueroa works as a food reporter for Report for America, a national service program that places journalists in local newsrooms. He is a corps member with the organization.
Dayton Food Co-op To Open To Combat Food Desert – Flyer News: Univ. of Dayton’s Student Newspaper
Colleen Avery is a Contributing Writer for this publication. Dayton is one of the nation’s most severe food deserts, with grocery shops closing on a regular basis, making it difficult to locate fresh, inexpensive food to eat. It is hoped that the Gem City Market, which will open in Dayton in 2019, would help to alleviate this problem. Gem City Market is a food cooperative, which implies it is a market that is owned by the community and its employees. Anyone and everyone will be able to participate in choices about the production and distribution of its food.
- Along lower Salem Avenue, in the vicinity of downtown Dayton, will be the location of the market.
- It is a low-food-access location that also has a large population density and market potential, all of which are crucial for a long-term business to be successful.
- Its mission is to supply clients with items that would allow them to eat a well-balanced diet at a reasonable price.
- People who cannot afford to spend a lot of money on food will be able to buy items such as fresh vegetables and meat since prices will be more reasonable for them.
- With addition to assisting in the city’s food shortage, the grocery shop will create jobs for members of the local community.
- The Gem City Market will benefit not just the residents of Dayton, but it will also benefit the local business community.
- “The product mix is in the process of being developed, and the employment of the startup General Manager will be a significant help,” Dominguez-Benner added.
- According to the website Well.org, it contributes to the local economy and generates possibilities for individuals who live in the neighborhood.
- Additionally, there are other possibilities for students to become engaged as well.
- Students at the University of Delaware are encouraged to shop at Gem City Market.
According to Dominguez-Benner, “Support for Gem City Market is dispersed throughout the entire city and nearby regions, and we can’t ask individuals who live in other parts of town to alter their entire purchasing patterns.” The Gem City Market is close enough to school that students may use it as their primary food shop, hence increasing the number of frequent members even more significantly.
It is evident that there is still a great amount of work to be done in order to ensure the success of this project, but if it is successful, the city will be considerably benefited. Marigrace Moses provided the photograph.
Dayton among the worst cities for food hardship
It’s an almost astounding statistic: the Dayton Metropolitan Location ranks 9th in the US in terms of food insecurity, and it’s the worst-performing area in Ohio. This implies that thousands of individuals in our community either do not have access to a full-service grocery store or cannot afford the food they do find when they do. Food deserts may be found in nearly every urban region in the Miami Valley, including the cities of Xenia, Springfield, Troy, and Dayton. Food deserts, according to Laura Roesch, Executive Director of Catholic Social Services of the Miami Valley, are areas where people have limited access to both inexpensive and healthy food.
- She buys for groceries at tiny markets and gas station convenience stores in her neighborhood to feed herself and her three grandkids, who come to stay with her while their mother is at work.
- Originally, she had planned to create “ants on a log” for her grandkids, but the grocer didn’t have any raisins or celery—in fact, they didn’t have any vegetables at all.
- “It is also not good for me,” Taylor added.
- Damon Ball is responsible for parenting his two young grandkids on his own.
- It is necessary for Damon to transport his grandkids across town in order to obtain healthful meals at a lesser price.
- It’s really difficult.” Judy Shields lives off of East Third Street, and she, like many others, finds grocery shopping to be a difficult task.
- “After that, I have to worry about crossing the main thoroughfares to get my groceries home,” she said.
Even while there is a Food For Less store just a few streets away, it specializes in canned goods and offers a limited range of fresh fruits and vegetables.
On a crisp spring morning, Stephen Mackell was out in the garden sowing broccoli.
Working together, workers and volunteers cultivate crops and sell them to individuals who reside in the community at costs that are affordable to them.
Her delight, on the other hand, is short-lived.
Officials in Montgomery County would want to see a full-service grocer open in the county’s food desert, which is located in the western portion of the county.
However, Commissioner Judy Dodge says that so far, their efforts have fallen short. Dodge said he was unsure of what he and his team will do next.
Interactive Web Tool Maps Food Deserts, Provides Key Data
Ann Wright, Deputy Under Secretary for Marketing and Regulatory Programs in Food and NutritionResearch and Science, posted this message on Facebook. 30th of April, 2021 The ERS Food Desert Locator includes a map illustrating the location of food deserts in downtown St. Louis, as well as a popup window presenting detailed information for a specific tract of land. The following is a cross-post from the Let’s Move! blog: At the USDA, one of our most important objectives is to ensure that Americans eat well and live healthy lives.
- As part of the Let’s Move!
- These nutritional wasteland areas may be found throughout the United States, in both urban and rural regions, where parents and children simply do not have access to a grocery store.
- The USDA has introduced a new interactive tool that allows users to identify food deserts.
- According to TheLocator, nearly 10% of the approximately 65,000 census areas in the United States are classified as food deserts.
Users of the Locator can view and download population statistics for each food desert tract, such as the percentage and number of people in the tract who have limited access to large grocery stores, the percentage and number of people who are low income and also have limited access, or the number of low-access households that do not have a vehicle.
- When viewing census tracts in a county or city, they may zoom in to see individual census tracts within that county or city, or they can use the search option to discover a specific area by address or tract number to see if it qualifies as a food desert.
- Who could benefit from the addition of this new mapping tool?
- Researchers in the fields of health and nutrition may find the data on food deserts available for download particularly valuable.
- Many other sorts of organizations, including enterprises, local governments, non-profit groups, and others, are eligible to receive support.
Please have a look at the Food Desert Locator while you wait for more information. Food Desert Locator’s home page provides information about the mapping tool.
Write a Response
Although “hunger” does not appear on the death certificate, our neighbors are suffering and even dying as a result of a lack of access to nutritious food. In Guatemala, I encountered youngsters who ate only maize, which was a plentiful food supply but had little nutritious benefit due to its low nutritional content. They were getting enough calories, but there was little diversity in their diet, and they were missing out on fresh fruits and vegetables. When compared to children who resided in a nearby city where they had access to better food, these youngsters were malnourished and in far worse physical condition.
- We don’t see the word “hunger” on death certificates, but our neighbors are suffering and even dying as a result of their inability to obtain nutritious foods. On my travels through Guatemala, I came across children who were mostly dependent on corn, which was a plentiful food source but had little nutritional value. They consumed enough calories, but their diet lacked variety, and they were deprived of fresh fruits and vegetables. They were malnourished and significantly less healthy when compared to children who lived in a nearby city where they had access to better food. In Montgomery County, we unfortunately see some similarities in health disparities.
To read the entire article, please visit this website.
Healthy Food and You.
Fresh, nutrient-dense food is essential for good health. However, despite the fact that this is basic sense, we are seeing more and more evidence that a lack of access to good food is a perilous scenario that can result in severe and often deadly diseases. It is estimated that tens of thousands of Montgomery County citizens are at heightened risk for developing avoidable diseases simply because they do not have access to the proper dietary sources. However, for far too many of our neighbors, their health and lifespan are determined by their zip code, which should not be the case.
Then get out and make a difference.
Gem City Market, which is planned to open in 2020, will offer fresh, locally sourced food to a section of our city that has been designated as a “food desert.” As a beginning point, it will serve as a model for the development of more locally owned businesses in underserved areas of our communities.
To learn more about Gem City Market, visit their website.
They toil tirelessly, despite limited resources, to ensure that nutritious food is available to our most vulnerable citizens.
Our government partners’ long-term economic aims to promote food security will take longer to accomplish than the amount of time people are willing to wait for fresh food to be delivered.
What Research Says About Food And Health.
Chronic Disease As a Result of Insufficient Food Access Childhood Obesity is at an increased risk. Health-Care Costs Have Increased For Everyone
- Sixty-six percent of Montgomery County’s food deserts are situated inside the city boundaries of Dayton. Seventy-three percent of the clients supported by The Foodbank state that they had to choose between paying for food and paying for utilities or heating fuel. Residents in West Dayton who live in food deserts consume one vegetable per day, according to 33.2 percent of the population.
We will not be able to maintain a healthy and dynamic community if almost one-third of our families with children are experiencing food insecurity. We observe a link between diet and chronic illness, brain development, and work performance in research after study after study. Is it realistic to expect our children to learn in school if they don’t have access to nutritious food? How can we expect people to consume the foods that their physicians suggest if they do not have access to a grocery store?
A collaborative effort between community members, the Public Health Departments of Dayton and Montgomery County, the City of Dayton, Montgomery County, the Foodbank, the Mission of Mary Community Food Bank and the Catholic Social Services of the Miami Valley is being launched to address nutritional needs of our residents in the Hall neighborhood of Dayton.
Topics: Feeding Dayton: City Food Markets
Endnotes This article is based on the work of Curt Dalton, The Dayton Arcade: Crown Jewel of the Gem City (Dayton, OH: The Friends of the Arcade, 2008), which is found on page 30. According to Andrew Coleman’s paper “Storage, Slow Transport, and the Law of One Price: Theory with Evidence from Nineteenth-Century U.S. Corn Markets,” published in The Review of Economics and Statistics, volume 91, number 2, 2009, pages 332-2350 and 347-48. Public Markets and Civic Culture in Nineteenth-Century America, by Helen Tangires (Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press, 2002), pp.
- Gilles Postel-Vinay and Jean-Marc Robin, “Eating, Working, and Saving in an Unstable World: Consumers in Nineteenth-Century France,” The Economic History Review, vol.
- 3, 1992, p.
- O’Dell’s Dayton Directory and Business Advertiser (Tulsa, OK: Continental Heritage Press, 1981), page 26.
- Toward a New Synthesis of American Agrarian History: Households and Markets,” The William and Mary Quarterly, vol.
- 2 (1993), doi: 10.2307/2947079, 347.
- 355.Postel-Vinay, “Eating, Working, and Saving in an Unstable World,” 348.Ibid., 355.
Crew,History of Dayton, 153-54.Odell’s Dayton Directory and Business Advertiser, 1850, 12.Crew,History of Dayton, 650.Crew,History of Dayton, 401-02.Crew,History of Dayton, 401-02.Crew,History of Dayton, 401-02.Ronald,Dayton: The Gem City, 401-02.Odell’s Dayton Directory and Business Advertiser 34-35.Ibid., 30.Crew,History of Dayton, 650.Tangires,Public Markets and Civic Culture, 156-57.Ibid., 202.Kulikoff, “Households and Markets,” 202.Ibid., 202.Kulikoff, “Households and Markets,” 202.Ibid., 202.Kulikoff, “Households and Markets,” 351.Tangires, Public Markets and Civic Culture, Public Markets and Civic Culture, 3.Ibid., 7.Ian Mitchell, “Supplying the Masses: Retailing and Town Governance in the Macclesfield, Stockport, and Birkenhead, 1780-1860,” Urban History38, no.
- 2 (2011), 259-60; “Supplying the Masses: Retailing and Town Governance in the Macclesfield, Stockport, and Birkenhead, 1780-1860,” Urban History38, no.
- Tangire, Public Markets and Civic Culture, Public Markets and Civic Culture, 17.Crew, Dayton’s Historical Society, TANGIRES, Public Markets, and Civic Culture, page 182.
- 1 (1996), pages 52-54.
- Dalton, The Dayton Arcade.
- Tangires, Public Markets and Civic Culture, pp.
- Burnstein, “The Vegetable Man Cometh,” pp.
- Tangires, Public Markets and Civic Culture, pp.
Tangires, Public Markets and Civic Culture, pages 60-67.
The Dayton Arcade is located in Dalton.
Tangires, Public Markets and Civic Culture (public markets and civic culture), 159.
Tangrires, Public Markets and Civic Culture, 180-81.
1058-1061, doi: 10.1086/530749.
Pilcher, and Sidney Watts, “Meat for the multitudes: Market Culture in Paris, New York City, and Mexico City over the Long Nineteenth Century,” American Historical Review, vol.
Tangires, Public Markets and Civic Culture, Public Markets and Civic Culture, 168.
Tangires, Public Markets and Civic Culture, 173-74; Ibid., 200; Ibid., 187; Crew, History of Dayton, 354.
“Feeding the City,” Gastronomica 7, no.
Gregory Alexander Donofrio, “Feeding the City,” Gastronomica 7, no.
It is written in the Dayton Arcade on page 10 and in the Dayton Daily News on page 19 that “Company will Erect Modern Market House.” The Dayton Daily News was published on November 29, 1919.
The Business History Review, vol.
3 (1999), doi: 10.2307/3116181, is a journal dedicated to the study of business history.
Tangires, Public Markets and Civic Culture, Public Markets and Civic Culture, Crew, History of Dayton, 354-355.
“A History of the Kroger Grocery Baking Company,” National Marketing Review, vol.
3 (1936), pp.
Cassady and Wylie L.
48.Phillips, “A History of the Kroger Grocery Baking Company,” published in the year 1898.
Phillips, “A History of the Kroger Grocery Baking Company,” 205, 214.
“Truck Farming in Arkansas: A Half-Century of Feeding Urban America,” Arkansas Historical Quarterly, vol.
2 (June 1999), pp.
James L., Jr.
Cassady’s article, “Los Angeles Wholesale Grocery Structure,” is available online.
Pauline Clauss, interviewed by Sarah Eyer on the 29th of February, 2020, in Dalton, The Dayton Arcade.
A History of the Kroger Grocery Baking Company, by Phillips (p.
Changes in Food Distribution,” by 210.Dipman, “Changes in Food Distribution.” 49-50.
Fulda, “Food Distribution in the United States, the Struggle between Independent and Chains,” University of Pennsylvania Law Review99, no.
The Dayton Herald published this article on October 6, 1938.
The Dayton Herald published an article on August 6, 1942, titled “New Food Store Opens Here.” In the dayton daily news on June 24, 1958, it was reported that “A P Net Sales Near 5 Billion.” The Dayton Daily News published an article on July 11, 1947, titled “Lantz Night Club Closes Business After 12 Years.” Walter Locke is a fictional character created by author Walter Locke.
- Nathaniel Mead’s article, “The Sprawl of Food Deserts,” Environmental Health Perspectives 116(8) (2008), doi: 10.1289/ehp.116-a335a, he describes how food deserts have spread across the country.
- Dalton, The Dayton Arcade, p.
- 62-71.Ibid., p.
- 139, no.
- Howlett’s article, “From Food Desert to Food Oasis,” is available online.
- “Students’ limited food experience plants seed for curriculum,” Dayton Daily News, July 10, 2014.
- Mead’s “The Sprawl of Food Deserts,” A335, is a good read.
Cornelius Frolik wrote in the Dayton Daily News on March 18, 2017, “Site Chosen for Grocery Store in Northwest Dayton.” On September 25, 2017, the Dayton Daily News published an article by Kaitlin Schroeder entitled “Dayton co-op grocery shop receives $220K grant.”
Replenishing a Food Desert, One Store at a Time
Endnotes This article is based on the work of Curt Dalton, The Dayton Arcade: Crown Jewel of the Gem City (Dayton, OH: The Friends of the Arcade, 2008), which is found at page 30. According to Andrew Coleman’s paper “Storage, Slow Transport, and the Law of One Price: Theory with Evidence from Nineteenth-Century U.S. Corn Markets,” published in The Review of Economics and Statistics, volume 91, number 2, 2009, pages 332-350 and 347-48. Public Markets and Civic Culture in Nineteenth-Century America, by Helen Tangires (Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press, 2002), pages 51-52.
- Economists Gilles Postel-Vinay and Jean-Marc Robin published “Eating, Working, and Saving in an Unstable World: Consumers in Nineteenth-Century France” in The Economic History Review, vol.
- 3 (1992), doi: 10.2307/2598050, page 494.
- Bruce W.
- Allan Kulikoff, “Households and Markets: Toward a New Synthesis of American Agrarian History,” The William and Mary Quarterly, vol.
- 2 (1993), doi: 10.2307/2947079, pp.
- Home and Markets,” by Kulikoff, is a good read.
Public markets and civic culture are covered in Chapter 351: Tangires, Public Markets and Civic Culture.
259-60; Ian Mitchell, “Supplying the Masses: Retailing and Town Governance in the Macclesfield, Stockport, and Birkenhead, 1780-1860,” vol.
2, 2011, pp.
In Tangire, the Public Markets and Civic Culture are two of the most important aspects of the local culture.
Tangires, Public Markets, and Civic Culture, 182.
1 (1996), www.jstor.org/stable/23182059, pages 52-54.
Dalton, The Dayton Arcade.
“The Vegetable Man Cometh,” by Robert Burnstein, is on pages 18-26 of Public Markets and Civic Culture.
The Public Markets and Civic Culture of Tangires, pgs.
Sanborn’s maps from 1876 and 1918 are included in this collection.
The History of Dayton, 131; the History of Dayton, 132; and the History of Dayton, 159.
31.5.Crew and Dayton’s History Tangrires, Public Markets and Civic Culture, 54.
Tangrires, Public Markets and Civic Culture, 108–09.
1058-1061, doi: 10.1086/530749.
Pilcher, and Sidney Watts, “Meat for the multitudes: Market Culture in Paris, New York City, and Mexico City Over the Long Nineteenth Century,” American Historical Review, vol.
Tangires, Public Markets and Civic Culture, Tangires, Public Markets and Civic Culture, 168.
Cite this article as Tangires, Public Markets and Civic Culture, 173-74; Ibid, 200; Ibid, 187; Crew, History of Dayton, 354.
Gregory Alexander Donofrio, “Feeding the City,” Gastronomica 7, no.
Gregory Alexander Donofrio, “Feeding the City,” Gastronomica 7, no.
It is written in the Dayton Arcade on page 10 and in the Dayton Daily News on page 19 that “Company will Erect Modern Market House.” In the same vein, the Jefferson-Main Arcade Market Company published “Civic Pride” in the Dayton Daily News on April 11, 1921.
It is possible to obtain more information about The Business History Review at vol.
Tangires, Public Markets and Civic Culture, Tangires, Public Markets and Civic Culture, Crew, History of Dayton, 354.Ibid.
204-05; Charles F.
3 (1936), 204-05; Charles F.
3 (1936), 204-05.
Cassady and Wylie L.
Phillips’ “A History of the Kroger Grocery Baking Company,” published in 1948, is a good example of historical research.
A History of the Kroger Grocery Baking Company, 205, 214.
McCorkle, Jr., “Truck Farming in Arkansas: A Half-Century of Feeding Urban America,” Arkansas Historical Quarterly, vol.
2 (June 1999), pp.
“Truck Farming in Arkansas,” by McCorkle.
Steven Avdakov and colleagues, Ohio Modern: Preserving our Recent Past: Dayton and Surrounding Area Survey Report, Ohio Historic Preservation Office of the Ohio Historical Society, Columbus, Ohio, 2010, page 29.
A History of the Kroger Grocery Baking Company,” 205.Phillips, “A History of the Kroger Grocery Baking Company,” 211.
The Dayton Arcade is located in Dalton, Ohio.
37), is a good resource.
Fulda’s “Food Distribution in the United States, the Struggle between Independent and Chains,” University of Pennsylvania Law Review99, no.
This document, “A Statement of Public Policy by the Great Atlantic and Pacific Tea Company,” is a formal statement of public policy.
According to the Dayton Herald on August 6, 1942, “A New Food Store Has Been Opened Here.” According to the Dayton Daily News on June 24, 1958, “A P Net Sales Near 5 Billion.” According to the Dayton Daily News on July 11, 1947, “Lantz Night Club Closes Business After 12 Years.” Walter Locke is a fictional character created by the author Walter Locke in the year 1895.
- Nathaniel Mead’s article, “The Sprawl of Food Deserts,” Environmental Health Perspectives 116(8) (2008), doi: 10.1289/ehp.116-a335a, he describes how food deserts have spread throughout the country.
- This page was last modified on 15 March 2019, at 15:01.
- Ibid., pages 62-71.
- 139, no.
- Scot Burton is co-author of the paper.
- Mead’s “The Sprawl of Food Deserts” (A335) is an excellent resource.
On March 18, 2017, the Dayton Daily News published an article by Cornelius Frolik titled “Site Chosen for Grocery Store in Northwest Dayton.” On September 25, 2017, the Dayton Daily News published an article entitled “Dayton co-op grocery shop receives $220,000 grant.”
In Dayton, a community-owned and operated grocery store will set up shop in the heart of one of Ohio’s largest food deserts.
- Administrative Local Government Management, Economic Development, Public Health, and the State of Ohio
Dayton is one of the poorest cities in the country for food security among families with children, according to the United States Department of Agriculture. According to data from the Food Research and Action Center, over 30% of households in this section of western Ohio report having difficulty obtaining healthful foods, and the area has fewer grocery shops per capita than the state average. The high level of food insecurity in Dayton is not surprising given the fact that the city is located in one of Ohio’s largest food deserts, which is a term used by the United States Department of Agriculture to describe high-poverty areas where at least one-third of the population lives more than a mile from a grocery store or other food source.
- Officials in Dayton are hopeful that a new full-service, community-owned grocery store would contribute to alleviating the city’s food shortfall.
- The market is slated to open by the end of next year, with construction commencing this month.
- According to Dayton Mayor Nan Whaley, community participation will be critical to the store’s long-term sustainability.
- We were aiming to sell 2,000 memberships by the time we opened the doors, and it now appears like we will sell 2,000 memberships by the time we break ground,” Klein told Route Fifty.
- The Renaissance Community Co-op opened its doors in Greensboro, North Carolina, in a commercial complex that had been without an anchor grocery store for over two decades before then.
- While visiting other cooperatives, the Gem City Market team learned about their successes and setbacks in the process of opening their own stores.
(Some individuals, according to Klein, will acquire memberships to support the initiative but will not go out of their way to purchase groceries at the market on a regular basis.) As a precaution, organizers in Dayton have spent time canvassing areas near the Gem City Market site to talk about the idea with residents—even some who may not be interested in purchasing memberships.
- In addition to “cheap, high-quality kitchen basics,” such as fresh vegetables and meat, the market will also provide “specialized, locally sourced, and organic items” that will distinguish it from the competition.
- It could be anything from locally sourced spicy sauce to fruit grown on local farms, according to Klein, which will appeal to consumers who are committed to supporting their local merchants.
- However, it may serve as a model for similar initiatives in the future, which will assist to increase the availability of food in the surrounding region.
- “Here in Dayton, we’ve seen a significant number of third-party firms depart, leaving a lot of devastation in their wake.
In order to have access to goods, we must first establish a shop such as this one, and then maybe expand the reach of future Gem City Markets into areas that are farther into the food desert.
The Social Determinants of Health: Connecting the dots between race, health equity, and the food landscape
Contributed by Caitlyn McIntosh, Development Manager, and Emily Gallion, GrantAdvocacy Manager. If you’ve been reading the news lately, you’ve probably noticed that Black neighborhoods are experiencing the brunt of the COVID-19 situation. Black persons account for about double the proportion of the COVID-19 death toll as the share of the entire population that they represent on a national level. It has been criticized that some public health authorities have said that this is mostly attributable to greater incidence of obesity and other chronic illnesses among members of the Black population.
While the term “social determinants of health” may appear to be a new one in the public health arena, it was first used by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2004 and is defined as “the conditions in which people are born, grow, work, live, and age, as well as the broader set of forces and systems shaping the conditions of daily life.” The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the United States has also recognized the importance of social determinants of health, which they define as “life-enhancing resources, such as food supply, housing, economic and social relationships, transportation, education, and health care, whose distribution across populations effectively determines the length and quality of one’s life.” There is emerging evidence that these resources may have a significant impact on an individual’s health – and even the length of their life – and that the unequal distribution of these resources adds to injustice in the healthcare system.
- We at The Foodbank are not public health experts, and we have no plans to become one.
- In fact, food insecurity has been shown to be associated with poor health consequences later in life.
- Therefore, not all persons who are suffering food insecurity are necessarily hungry, and many of them are obese at a greater rate than the national norm.
- It eventually leads to concerns such as obesity and cardiovascular disease.
- Families might get entrenched in cycles of poverty and bad health if they do not address food insecurity and poor health outcomes.
- Underutilization of drugs, avoidance of preventative care, and failure to follow a medically essential diet (such as that prescribed for diabetic treatment) can result in increased medical expenses and worse health in the long run.
- Because of the coronavirus, the prevalence of food insecurity in Ohio has more than doubled, rising from 13.9 percent to 23 percent.
In February, around 2,000 families came to see us, and in March, 4,684 families came to see us.
According to the Dayton Daily News, one out of every seven Ohioans is still looking for work.
A total of 667 households attended our June 6th mass distribution in Greene County.
Because of the pandemic, many companies have been able to resume operations, but people continue to experience medical emergencies on a daily basis as a result of the situation.
The term “food desert” refers to a region that has a high level of poverty and lacks a neighborhood grocery.
Someone with minimal food insecurity may live just a few blocks away from a supermarket but still be unable to afford food, whereas someone living in a food desert may be able to purchase good food yet have no grocery shops in the immediate vicinity of their home.
Food deserts compel many families to buy at corner markets and convenience stores, which often have a limited range of fresh fruit and protein items and charge a high price for their products.
Despite the fact that food access is inherently regional, research from the New York Law School Racial Justice Project has estimated that Black and Latino households are half as likely as white households to have access to a supermarket and one-third as likely as white households to have access to a supermarket.
The serving area of the Foodbank is shown with a black outline.
As of 2018, 21.2 percent of Black families, 16.2 percent of Hispanic households, and 10.2 percent of other non-Hispanic households were food insecure in the United States, as opposed to 8.1 percent of white households.
The fact that many people in high-poverty, predominantly black areas face factors beyond their control that contribute to poor health, such as an inability to afford healthy food or an inability to travel to obtain it, may appear to be a simple explanation for the correlation between race and COVID-19 deaths — implicitly blaming victims for overeating — is ignored.
According to Chris Knittel, the study’s main author, we must look beyond these simplistic reasons in order to understand why the Black community is bearing such a disproportionately high burden during the COVID-19 issue.
View our impact statement to learn more about the steps we are doing to ensure that everyone in our service region has fair access to food.
If you’re interested in learning more about our network data or other social concerns like these, follow us on Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, YouTube, and Linkedin under the handle @thefoodbankinc!
Exploring America’s Food Deserts
Contributed by Caitlyn McIntosh, Development Manager, and Emily Gallion, GrantAdvocacy Manager According to recent news, Black communities are facing the brunt of the COVID-19 situation, which is a national security disaster. Total, Black persons account for almost double the proportion of COVID-19 deaths as the fraction of the overall population they represent, according to the COVID-19 death toll. A number of public health authorities have come under fire for implying that the association is mostly attributable to increased incidence of obesity and other chronic conditions in the Black population.
It is true that the term “social determinants of health” may appear to be a new one in the public health lexicon, but it was first used by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2004 and is defined as “the conditions in which people are born and grow; work; live; and age; and the broader set of forces and systems that shape the conditions of daily life.” The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the United States has also recognized the importance of social determinants of health, which they define as “life-enhancing resources, such as food supply, housing, economic and social relationships, transportation, education, and health care, whose distribution across populations effectively determines the length and quality of one’s life”.
As a growing body of research indicates, this type of resource may have a significant impact on an individual’s health – and even the length of their life – and that the unequal distribution of these resources adds to the inequality of the healthcare system.
Food insecurity connects with other areas of people’s well-being, and we have a responsibility to keep up to date on the latest developments.
However, while the terms “food insecurity” and “hunger” are sometimes used interchangeably, the term “hunger” refers to the physical sensation associated with a lack of food, whereas “food insecurity,” which is defined as the inability to obtain enough food to maintain a healthy and active lifestyle, is a much more complex issue.
- This might be related to the survival strategy of purchasing cheaper, calorie-dense meals to fulfill basic nutritional requirements in order to keep costs down and survive.
- According to the Hunger in America 2014 research conducted by Feeding America, more than one in every five Feeding America households reports having to choose between purchasing food and paying for medical expenditures on a monthly basis.
- Feeding America families indicate that they are forced to pick between buying food and paying for medical treatment.
- Concerns about food security remain high on people’s minds as they return to work.
- In our drive-through pantry, we noticed the same pattern as we did at The Foodbank.
- In April, our total number of families reached over 8,000 as the month came to an end.
- Despite the fact that many families are still struggling to make ends meet by paying rent, mortgages, and other expenditures, there is little to no place in their budget for food purchases.
In this distribution, there were 521 households that were new to the food aid network, which makes it one of the most unusual ever recorded.
In addition to food access, whether or not a person lives in a food desert is another factor that influences health outcomes.
“Accessibility” is defined by the USDA at multiple levels, including the percentage of people who have access to transportation, the percentage of people who live in poverty, and even the designation of a region as rural or urban.
While someone living in a food desert may be able to buy nutritious food while living across the street from a grocery store, a person living in a food desert may be unable to afford healthy food even living across the street from a supermarket.
Families that live in food deserts are sometimes compelled to buy at corner markets and convenience stores, which generally provide a limited, high-priced, or low-quality range of fresh fruits, vegetables, and proteins.
Despite the fact that food access is inherently regional, research from the New York Law School Racial Justice Project has estimated that Black and Latino households are half as likely as white households to have access to a supermarket and one-third as likely as white households to have access to a grocery store, according to the study.
It is highlighted in black where the Foodbank’s service area is located.
When it comes to food insecurity, 21.2 percent of Black families, 16.2 percent of Hispanic households, and 10.2 percent of other/non-Hispanic households were food insecure in 2018, as opposed to 8.1 percent of white households.
Despite the fact that it is simple to explain the correlation between race and COVID-19 deaths as being caused by obesity rates — implicitly blaming victims for overeating — this ignores the reality that many people in high-poverty, predominantly black areas face factors beyond their control that contribute to poor health, such as an inability to afford healthy food or an inability to travel to obtain it.
As a matter of fact, according to a working paper published on June 10 by MIT researchers, counties with higher populations of African-Americans had higher rates of COVID-19 infections even after taking into account factors such as income level, health insurance coverage, rates of chronic diseases such as obesity and diabetes, and use of public transit.
‘Something else needs to be the causative process,’ Knittel asserted.
View our impact statement to learn more about the steps we’re doing to ensure that everyone in our service region has fair access to nutritious food and nutrition education.
Interested in learning more about our network statistics or other social concerns like these? Follow us @thefoodbankinc across social media platforms such as Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, YouTube, and Linkedin.
What is a food desert?
Geographic areas where individuals have few to no easy choices for obtaining economical and healthful meals — particularly fresh fruits and vegetables — are known as food deserts. Food deserts, which are disproportionately prevalent in high-poverty regions, offer additional, everyday obstacles that can make it more difficult for children, families, and communities to develop healthy and strong.
Where are food deserts located?
Food deserts are more likely in places that have the following characteristics:
- Smaller populations
- Greater rates of abandoned or unoccupied dwellings
- Inhabitants with lower levels of education, lower incomes, and higher rates of unemployment
- And residents with lower levels of education, lower incomes, and higher rates of unemployment
Lower levels of education, lower incomes, and higher rates of unemployment are all associated with smaller populations, as is the presence of abandoned or deserted dwellings.
How are food deserts identified?
When diagnosing food deserts, researchers take a number of criteria into consideration, including:
- Access to food, as measured by the distance between a store and a residence or by the number of stores in a neighborhood
- Resources available to a household, such as family income or the availability of a vehicle
- Resource availability in the area, such as the average income of residents and the availability of public transit
One method used by the United States Department of Agriculture to identify food deserts is to look for census tracts with low income and limited access to food. To go to the nearest supermarket or food shop in low-access census tracts, a considerable proportion of inhabitants (33 percent or more) must drive an unpleasant distance (at least 1 mile in urban areas and 10 miles in rural areas). In low-income census tracts, the local poverty rate is at least 20%, and the median family income is at most 80% of the statewide median family income, according to the United States Census Bureau.
Mapping food deserts in the United States
The Food at Home study by Enterprise Community Partners is the source of this information.
How many Americans live in food deserts?
According to the USDA’s most recent food access study report, released in 2017, about 39.5 million people — or 12.8 percent of the country’s population — were living in low-income and low-access regions. There were 19 million persons in this category, according to the researchers, accounting for 6.2 percent of the nation’s total population who did not have easy access to a supermarket or grocery store.
Why do food deserts exist?
There is no one cause of food deserts, although there are a number of variables that contribute to their occurrence. Among these are:
- Low-income households are less likely than other families to have dependable transportation, which might prohibit people from going greater distances to shop for goods. Small corner stores, convenience markets, and fast food vendors are more common in low-income neighborhoods, which provide less nutritious food alternatives for residents. An additional risk is associated with the establishment of a supermarket or food store chain, and this risk might develop to prohibitive proportions in low-income communities. As an illustration: Over the course of a month, the spending power of consumers in these neighborhoods — which includes families enrolled in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program — might fluctuate drastically. A business’s insurance expenses and security expenditures might be increased as a result of the prospect of increased crime rates, whether genuine or perceived. Inequality of income – Healthy food is more expensive. The healthiest diets — those consisting primarily of vegetables, fruits, fish, and nuts — were found to be on average $1.50 per day more expensive per day than diets consisting primarily of processed foods, meat, and refined grains, according to a study conducted by researchers from Brown University and Harvard University. Nutritious food may be out of reach for some families that live paycheck to paycheck because of the greater expense of healthy food, even when it is easily available.
How has the coronavirus pandemic impacted food access?
Even more hurdles — both logistical and financial — were introduced into the already complicated sector of food availability as a result of the coronavirus epidemic. Restaurants, corner stores, and food markets, among other businesses, were forced to lock their doors or decrease their operation hours as the number of COVID-19 instances increased across the country. For those who depended on public transit to get food, there were extra obstacles to overcome, including increased travel limits and reduced service schedules.
According to the Brookings Institution’s Fall 2020 food insecurity update, over 10% of parents with just young children — children aged five and under — reported having inadequate food for their family and insufficient means to acquire more food.
What solutions to food deserts can be pursued?
Eating habits and patterns are affected by environmental, policy, and human variables, according to Joel Gittelsohn, a public health specialist at Johns Hopkins University who specializes in chronic disease prevention and management.
Some techniques for relieving food desert situations exist within this complicated environment, and they are as follows:
- Providing financial incentives to food stores and supermarkets in underprivileged regions Providing funding for city-wide initiatives to promote better eating
- Increasing support for local, neighborhood-based businesses such as corner shops and farmers markets
- When selecting food desert metrics, regulations, and interventions, it is important to consult with the community. Increasing the number of clients who may utilize their Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program subsidies to purchase food online through pilot programs
Casey Foundation resources on food insecurity and food access
Among the issues addressed in theKids, Families, and COVID-19KIDS COUNT ®policy study are pandemic pain points such as an increase in food poverty across the country. Casey Foundation-funded report Food at Home examines the possibility of utilizing inexpensive housing as a platform to solve nutritional issues. Among the topics covered in the booklet are food deserts and their impact on communities around the United States. According to a September 2019 Data Snapshot, there are many actions that leaders may take to assist families living in high-poverty, low-opportunity neighborhoods to succeed.
In Dayton, taking fresh food to the bus stop
A bus trip from the northwest part of Dayton into downtown may take you seven miles down a major thoroughfare and through only one full-service grocery shop, which is a Kroger that is located on the outskirts of town. The rest of the time, it’s just booze stores and dollar stores, with little more. However, a farm market has been put up on the linoleum floor of the Dayton bus station, which is conveniently located near the downtown transit center. Overflowing wooden bins full of carrots, potatoes, and cabbages stand across the square from a Golden FishChicken restaurant and more than one hamburger business.
- A large portion of the effort to combat food deserts has been devoted to bringing grocery shops and farm stands closer to residents’ homes.
- Judy Lewis is filling a brown paper bag with spinach and broccoli, which she will then freeze.
- “I simply throw them together and make my own small salad for lunch at work.” She works as a cosmetologist, and her makeup matches the color of her purple sweater perfectly.
- (Source: Lewis Wallace) Lewis works inside a Wal-Mart and travels through the bus hub on her route to and from work; she was delighted to find that there will be a fruit and vegetable stand at the transit hub on her way there.
- She makes use of an EBT card (food stamps), which implies that everything at this establishment is two for one thanks to a voucher scheme.
According to her, “there are so many individuals who are unable to obtain fresh fruits and vegetables because they do not have convenient access to grocery stores.” The member of the public health committee believed it would be a fantastic idea “to have something downtown locally close to the bus stops, so that people can come in, get some fresh fruits and veggies, go back on the bus to continue to work or go home.” She is also a member of the committee.
The Wright Stop Plaza Market first opened its doors in September.
This is an interesting concept for a little city.
This one is the result of a collaboration between the transit system, the county, and a homeless-services provider.
“I had to go purchase some grapes, bananas, and tomatoes,” Easterling explained.
However, this is probably a little out of the ordinary: According to a new study on food deserts conducted by the non-profit National Bureau of Economic Research, improvements in availability may not inevitably result in changes in people’s purchasing behavior.
The majority of the time, it’s really a convenience for folks like Judy Lewis, the cosmetologist, who was going to go out and purchase vegetables anyhow.
“We are prepared for it, and we want to basically demonstrate to the folks as they exit the bus that this is what you can do with a turnip.
” Fifty different ways to prepare a chicken. You have to understand that this isn’t going to address all of the problems for everyone. But it’s a start in the right direction.” What is the next step? Making certain that the store makes a profit.