What Dessert Wine Is Chardonnay Used For

Dessert Wine: Why It’s Different From Other Wines and How to Pair It

$175, A rare sort of rich, highly sweet dessert wine created from grapes that have been lovingly farmed and dried, Pogo’s Trockenbeerenauslese (TBA) is available only from Pogo’s. A dry berry selection is what the lengthy term practically translates to. It refers to the method of hand-selecting only overripe, shriveled grapes that have been damaged by noble rot, which is essential for concentrating sweetness in the finished product. Due to the fact that it can only be produced in years when the circumstances for botrytis, grape ripening, and drying are optimum, it is considered a rare wine.

In praise of the wine’s acidity, Tidwell described it as “crisp, bright, and racy.” According to him, the wine features a “gingery, honey-botrytis note” as well as “sweet, vivid orange fruit” such as apricots, tangerines, and candied orange.

A crunchy textured shortbread would be served alongside it, “to contrast with the thick viscosity,” he envisioned.

What IsDessert Wine?

Dessert wine may be defined as any wine that is consumed during or after dessert in its broadest meaning. Dessert wine, to be more exact, is often sweet, has a distinct taste, and has a higher alcohol concentration. For example, Port, Madeira, Sherry, and late-harvest wines are all examples of late-harvest wines. Traditionnal dessert wines having an alcohol content of more than 15 percent by volume (ABV). Nonetheless, low-alcoholdessert wines with less than 10% alcohol by volume (ABV) are available, such Muscadet, Moscato d’Asti, and Brachetto d’Acqui.

  1. In other words, the amount of sugar that is left over after the fermentation process has taken place.
  2. A variety of methods were used by winemakers to create essert wines.
  3. It might be created from late-harvest grapes that have been allowed to raisinate and increase in sugar content as a result of being kept on the vine for a longer period of time.
  4. Alternatively, it may be sweetened by fortification, resulting in the production of fortified wines.
  5. While most dessert wines are on the sweeter side, there is a wide range of styles available under the category of dessert wines.

To be clear, dessert wines are not merely sweet, one-trick ponies, as you may have previously believed. They are deserving of a lot more recognition than that.

What to Look for inDessert Wine

Dessert wines, as previously said, are available in a variety of sweetness levels and are available in both red and white wines. Enjoying these mouthwatering sippers with dessert or as dessert in and of itself is recommended. Furthermore, it’s important to note that dessert wines are designed to be served in little wine glasses, similar to the way you’d sip on a snifter of whiskey or bourbon. (Although we must admit that we are great supporters of single-serve wine bottles that eliminate the need for a glass entirely.) If you desire a sweet dessert wine, you will get a sweet dessert wine.

Keep an eye out for the following descriptors:

Different Types ofDessert Winesand Food Pairings

While there are a plethora of wines that may be enjoyed with dessert, the ones that are featured below are the best examples of the genre. In order to avoid any unpleasant aftertaste when matching wine with sweet dessert, it’s recommended to pick a wine that is sweeter than the dessert itself. According to our enthralling guide on acidity in wine, sugar increases acidity, which is why dry wines taste harsh and sharp when served with sweet meals. With that in mind, here are many varieties of dessert wines, as well as delectable food combinations, that may enhance the flavor and overall experience of your dessert.


Despite the fact that it is best known as a sweet red wine, this fortified wine from Portugal is available in a variety of flavors ranging from deep reds to dry white and dry rosé varieties. Chocolate cake, chocolate truffles, and salted caramel desserts are all wonderful pairings for the sweetly complex redtawny port and ruby port. Serve the white or roséport wines with stone fruit, strawberry angel food cake, or lemon meringue pie to complement the flavors of the wine.


Madeirais is a fortified wine produced in Portugal’s Madeirais region, and it is renowned for its nutty, brown sugar, and burned caramel flavors. This amber-hued wine may be enjoyed on its own after a dinner, or paired with sweets like as astoffeepudding, tiramisu, or spicy treats such as chocolate truffles coated with cayenne pepper.


Known for its honeyed aromas of apricot, peach, butterscotch, and caramel, this cherished (and frequently expensive)sweet wine from France’s Sauternais area inBordeaux is much sought after. Sauternesis one of the “noble rot wines,” which include TokajiAszu wine from Hungary and SpätleseRieslings from Germany. It is prepared from grapes that have been damaged by the botrytis cinereafungus. (This fungus, which sounds disgusting, increases the sweetness of grapes while also imparting a honeyed flavor and aromatic quality.) Served with fresh and dried fruit, as well as heavier sweets such as crème brulee, cheesecake, and custards, Sauternes is a fantastic dessert option.


This fortified wine comes from the country of Spain. Sherry is often served as an aperitif before a meal; however, why not try it after a hearty dinner when you’re looking to wind down?

Fruit sweets like Pedro Ximénez are great accompaniments to crème brulee, vanilla ice cream, dark chocolate anything, or just enjoyed on their own as an after dinner treat.


This delicious sparkling wine from Germany is available in a variety of sweetness levels. Its inherent acidity helps to cut through the sweetness of the dish, making it a wonderful companion to a cheese course or cheesecake after dinner. Serve a sweeter Spätlese with citrus-based sweets such as lemon pound cake or lemon cream pie if you have a sweeter Spätlese on hand. Pear tarts and sorbet are also delicious desserts that go together like peanut butter and jelly.


Another rot wine of distinction, the tongue-twisting Gewürztraminer is a sweet, fragrant wine from the Alsace region of France that has a pleasant sweetness to it. With its lovely floral and lychee overtones, this exquisite white wine pairs perfectly with any dessert that has lychee, pear, or peach as one of the major components, such as ice cream.


In addition to being known as Muscat Blanc in its native country of Italy, Moscato is an extremely popular white wine that has built a name for itself owing to the three F’s that best characterize its character: fizzy, fruity, and flowery. This dessert wine is perfect for enjoying on a spring day or a late summer evening. It is also incredibly flexible. You might serve it with poached pears, grilled peaches, fruit tarts, nutty treats such as biscotti, or whatever else you choose.

Ice Wine

Ice wine, also known as Eiswein in German, is a particular sort of wine that is made from grapes that have been frozen while still on the vine. Due to the frigid environment required for the production of this dessert wine, it can only be produced in Germany and Canada. (It’s also one of the reasons why it’s a somewhat expensive wine.) Consider matching the red grape type with chocolate desserts and the white grape variety with blue cheeses and cheesecake if you have the choice between the two.

It’s Time for Dessert in a Glass

Following your education on dessert wines, it’s time to put your newfound knowledge to use in a variety of real-world scenarios. Dessert wines, like any other type of wine, are characterized by a wide range of tastes and characteristics. Despite the fact that there are several “rules” associated with wine consumption, the basic line is that you are free to set your own guidelines. Don’t be afraid to experiment with a bottle of dry sparkling Brut or wonderfully crisp rosé to accompany those funfetti cupcakes you just brought out of the oven.

Who knows what will happen?

That’s the beauty of wine: no matter how you enjoy it, it is one of life’s joys that makes everything else a little bit easier to swallow.

Dessert wine – Wikipedia

The term “sweet wine” links to this page. Sweet Wine (musical composition by Mark Williams) is a song written by Mark Williams (song). Fresh Cream is a song by the band Cream. For other uses, see Fresh Cream. The dessert wine, also known as pudding wine in the United Kingdom, is a sweet wine that is generally served with a sweet dessert. A dessert wine cannot be defined in a straightforward manner. When it comes to dessert wines in the United Kingdom, any sweet wine consumed with a meal is regarded a dessert wine, as opposed to the white fortified wines (fino and amontilladosherry) used before the meal and the red fortified wines (port and Madeira) consumed after the meal.

In contrast, in the United States, a dessert wine is classified as any wine that contains more than 14 percent alcohol by volume, which includes all fortified wines—and as a result, it is taxed at a higher rate as a result.

Methods of production

Château d’Yquem 1999, a noble rot wine from the Loire Valley Dessert wine producers are interested in producing a wine that contains high quantities of both sugar and alcohol. Because all winemaking results in the production of alcohol through the fermentation of carbohydrates, they are often traded off. However, there are a variety of methods for increasing the relative sugar levels in the finished wine:

  • Grow grapes such that they naturally contain enough sugar for both sweetness and alcohol
  • Add sugar in one of the following ways:
  • Sugar or honey (Chaptalization) is added before fermentation
  • Unfermented must (Süssreserve) is added after fermentation.
  • Prior to the completion of the sugar fermentation process (fortification or’mutage ‘), remove water from the sugar solution to concentrate the sugar solution:
  • In warm areas, raisin wine may be produced by drying the grapes in the open air. In colder locations, you may produce ice wine by freezing off a portion of the water. When growing grapes in moist temperate areas, a fungal infection called Botrytis cinerea is used to desiccate the grapes, which causes noble rot.

Natural sweetness

A late harvest Semillon from the state of Washington. In the lack of alternative methods, producers of dessert wines are forced to create their own sugar in the vineyard. Some grape varietals, such as Muscat, Ortega, and Huxelrebe, yield significantly more sugar than others due to their genetic makeup. Final sugar levels are greatly influenced by environmental factors; thevigneroncan assist by leaving the grapes on the vine until they are fully ripe, as well as by green picking and trimming to expose the young grapes to the light.

While the vigneron has little control over the sun, a sunny year helps to keep sugar levels under control.

However, most of the Muscats from antiquity, including the famousConstantiaof South Africa, were very certainly created in this manner.


Honey was used to sweeten wine in ancient Rome, and it was also used to boost the ultimate strength of the finished product. Today, sugar is typically added to wines that are flabby and immature in order to increase the alcohol content rather than for sweetness, although a certain amount of chaptalization is authorized in the wines of certain nations. German wines must state whether they are ‘natural’ or not; chaptalization is prohibited from the highest levels of German wines in any event.


It is a German winemaking method in which unfermented must (grape juice) is added to the wine after it has finished fermenting. This boosts the sweetness of the finished wine while also diluting the alcohol a little—in Germany, the final wine must have more than 15 percent Süssreserve by volume, which is the maximum allowed. Süssreserve allows winemakers to complete the fermentation process without having to be concerned about halting the fermentation process before all of the sugar has been used.

Süssreserve is also employed by other producers of German-style wines, most notably in New Zealand’s wine industry.


To accompany dessert, sweet Montilla-Morilessherry, notably Pedro Ximénez and vins doux naturels are the most often consumed fortified wines in the world. Because it is made from raisin wine, the Pedro Ximenezdessert wine is unlike any other sweet wine from Andalucia. It is fortified and matured in a solera system, like other sweet wines from the region. Alternatively, some sweet sherries (which are mix wines) like asBristol Cream can be consumed as dessert wine. Arnaud de Villeneuve, a professor at the University of Montpellier in France, is credited for perfecting the manufacture of natural sweet wines in the 13th century.

See also:  How Dessert Wine Is Produce

Muscat de Beaumes-de-Venise, Muscat de Rivesaltes, Muscat de Frontignan, Muscat de Lunel, and Muscat de Mirevaland are all named after vineyards in France: Muscat de Beaumes-de-Venise, Muscat de Rivesaltes, Muscat de Frontignan, Muscat de Frontignan, Muscat de Lunel, and Muscat de Mirevaland.

Regardless of the grape, fermentation can be halted using up to 10% of 95 percent grape spirit, depending on the amount used. A somewhat oxidized style is used in the production of the Muscats, whereas the Grenaches are not.

Raisin wine

A glass of Piedmontese raisin wine, Calusopassito, was enjoyed. Sweet wine known as passum was produced at ancient Carthage from air-dried grapes, and comparable wines, known as Moscato Passito di Pantelleria and produced across the Malta Channel from the site of Carthage, are being produced today. The Romans were the first to describe such wines. ‘Passito’ wines are produced in Northern Italy, where the grapes are dried on straw, racks, or rafters before being pressed and fermented in barrels.

In the Jura, Rhone, and Alsace, the French make’straw wine’ (vin de paille); the Spaniards start with a raisin wine and Pedro Ximénez before fortifying it; the Cypriots have their ancientCommandaria; and there have been recent trials with the style in South Africa and the United States.

Ice wine

Most wine rules demand that the grapes for ice wine be gathered when the temperature is less than 7 degrees Celsius (19 degrees Fahrenheit). During such temperatures, some water in the grapes freezes, but the sugars and other solids in the grape juice remain dissolved in the remainder of the liquid. If the grapes are pressed while still frozen, a very concentrated must can be produced, which requires a particular yeast strain and an extended fermentation period. The resultant wines are quite sweet, yet their acidity helps to keep them balanced.

The most well-known ice wines are German Eiswein and Canadian Icewine, although ice wines are also produced in smaller numbers in the United States, Austria, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, Hungary, Italy, Australia, France, and New Zealand.

Noble rot wine

Wines such as TokajiAsz of Tokaj-Hegyaljain Hungary, Château d’Yquemof Sauternes, and Seewinkelof Austria are prepared from grapes that have been mouldy with Botrytis cinerea, which sucks the water out of the fruit while giving flavors of honey and apricot to the future wine. Noble rot is caused by a fungus that requires precise environmental conditions to thrive; if the environment is excessively moist, the same fungus may create destructivegrey rot. Vignerons make every effort to increase the quantity of noble rot produced while avoiding the loss of the entire crop to grey rot.

Because of the time it takes for noble rot to develop, these wines are typically picked late.

The fact that noble rot was a factor in Hungarian vineyard demarcation some 50 years before a messenger was allegedly mugged on his way to Schloss Johannisberg in Germany and that asz inventory predates it by approximately 200 years indicates that Hungary’s Tokaj was the first region to produce the wine.

Noble rot is also responsible for a variety of other dessert wines, including the German beerenauslese and trockenbeerenauslese (TBA) classifications, the French Monbazillac, the Austrian Beerenauslese, the Austrian Ausbruch, and other TBA-type wines from throughout the globe.


Vin Santo with almond cookies are a delicious combination. Generally speaking, the wine should be sweeter than the food it is served with; a perfectly ripe peach has been regarded as the ideal companion for many dessert wines, yet it makes sense not to drink wine at all with many chocolate- and toffee-based meals, for example, Vin doux naturel Muscats and red dessert wines such as Recioto della Valpolicella and fortified wines such as the vin doux naturel Muscat are the ideal complements for these difficult-to-pair treats.

Alternatively, the wine alone can serve as a dessert, although bakery sweets can also be a suitable complement, particularly when they include a hint of bitterness, such as biscuits dipped in Vin Santo (Santo wine).

White dessert wines are often served slightly chilled, however they can be served excessively cold if they are served too quickly.


  1. “The seven most important sorts of white wines.” Süssreserve was retrieved on April 27, 2019. Archived 2007-03-10 at the Wayback Machineon the Wine Dictionary website
  2. Amerine and Maynard’s “Wine.” Encyclopedia Britannica is a reputable reference work. Encyclopedia Britannica is a reputable reference work. Shoemaker, Ted (27 April 2019)
  3. Shoemaker, Ted (6 December 2013). “German Ice Wine Regulations Have Been Tightened.” This is according to Wine Spectator. retrieved on March 20, 2021
  4. CooksInfo is a website dedicated to providing information about cooking (4 October 2020). “Ice Wine,” as the name suggests. Cook’s Information, retrieved on March 20, 2021
  5. “The Beautiful Bounty of Botrytized Wines,” retrieved on March 20, 2021. Wine Enthusiast Magazine is a publication dedicated to wine enthusiasts. Steve Kolpan, Michael A. Weiss, and Brian H. Smith have published a paper in Science (2014). Winewise: Your Complete Guide to Understanding, Selecting, and Enjoying Wine is a comprehensive guide to understanding, selecting, and enjoying wine (2nd ed.). Jancis Robinson, MW, “Tokaji,” in Jancis Robinson, MW (ed. ), Jancis Robinson’s Concise Wine Companion (Oxford:Oxford University Press, 2001), pp. 469–471, ISBN0-19-866274-2
  6. Gorman-McAdams, Mary. “Delicious Dessert Wines for Dessert Week.” Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. ISBN978-0-54433462-5 The Kitchn, retrieved on April 27, 2019
  7. “Three of the Best Italian Dessert Wines,” retrieved on April 27, 2019. Italy, November 12th, 2014
  8. Jeanne O’Brien Coffey is the author (20 November 2017). Sauternes is the perfect holiday wine for everything from appetizers to desserts, as revealed by Wine Spectator. Forbes

External links

  • Dessert wine is defined in the Wiktionary dictionary as follows:

Wine Sweetness Chart

White wines are produced by fermenting the light colored pulp found inside the skins of green/white or red grapes until they become fermentable. White wines are often drier than red wines, as well as more fragrant and zesty. Wines are often called by either the grape type from which they are produced (for example, Merlot, Chardonnay, or Grenache) or the place in which they are produced (Bordeaux,Champagne).


Chardonnay is a green grape variety that is widely used to manufacture white wine all throughout the world, including the United States. Chardonnay is a grape variety that originated in the Burgundy area of France, although it is now planted all over the world wherever wine is produced. The grape itself has a mild taste that is not overpowering. A lot of the characteristics in Chardonnay wines are a product of the way it was cultivated and handled, which is why it is so popular. These wines are often medium to light in body, with acidic fruit characteristics such as citrus and melon dominating the aromas and tastes.

Chenin Blanc

Chenin Blanc is a white wine grape variety that originated in the Loire area of France and is used to make white wine. Currently, the wine is being produced all over the world, with the most of it being produced in South Africa. In part because of the strong acidity of Chenin Blanc grapes, they may be utilized to produce a variety of wines, including anything from bone-dry whites to highly sweet dessert-style wines. Chenin Blancs are typically dry and acidic, with tastes of apple (and occasionally flowery) in the background.

On Wikipedia, you may find out more about Chenin Blanc wine by clicking here.


Gewurztraminer is a fragrant, pinkish-red grape that is used to manufacture white wines. It is a member of the gentian family. It is a very old type that is said to have evolved in the region of Europe that includes Switzerland, Austria, and northern Italy and is known as the “Alpine region.” Gewurztraminer is currently grown in areas that are favorable for it all over the world, namely in North America and Australia.

In addition to flowery tastes and smells, notably those of rose, Gewurztraminer wine is noted for having a sweet, delicate taste. Suitable for serving with: white meat, veggies, and cheese On Wikipedia, you may find out more about Gewurztraminer wine by clicking here.

Ice Wine

Ice wine is a particularly sweet wine that is prepared from grapes that have been allowed to freeze on the vine while they are still growing. The freezing process concentrates sugars in the grapes, resulting in a lesser yield of considerably sweeter wine than would otherwise be produced. Winemakers make ice wines from a number of grape varieties, including Riesling, Vidal, Cabernet Franc, and Merlot. All ice wines are extremely sweet and are thus classified as “dessert wines.” Cheese and sweets are good companions.


The Moscato (or Muscat Blanc) grape is a white wine grape that originated in the Piedmont area of northwest Italy and is now grown across the world. This delicious grape is now widely cultivated in the United States and Australia as well. Moscato wine is popular due to its light body and accessible sweetness, which makes it easy to drink. Moscato grapes produce a wine with flowery, perfume-like aromas and tangy, fruity flavors that are characteristic of the variety. Pair with: seafood, desserts, and other light dishes.

Pinot Grigio

Pinot Grigio wines are white or pink wines that are derived from the Italian clone of the Pinot Gris grape, which is a variety of the Pinot Gris vine. Pinot Grigio wines are noted for being lighter in body, flowery, and fruity, with notes of peach and nectarines. They are significantly more popular than more strong PinotGris wines, because to their pleasant, accessible drinkability, which distinguishes them from the latter. White meat, fish, veggies, and pasta are all good choices. On Wikipedia, you may read more about Pinot Grigio (and Pinot Gris) wine by clicking here.

Pinot Gris

Pinot Gris is a white wine grape variety that originates in the Burgundy area of France and is used to make white wine. The Pinot Gris grape variety is distinguished by its grey-blue hue (‘gris’ in French means grey), and it is thought to be an aberrant clone of the Pinot Noir grape type. In the United States, Pinot Grigio wines are manufactured from grapes cultivated in the French way, whilst wines from the Italian clone are referred to as “Pinot Gris” wines in the United Kingdom. In general, wines made in the Pinot Gris style are heavier, more complex, and have more notes of pepper and spice.


Riesling is a white grape that originated in Germany’s Rhineland area and is now grown around the world. Riesling grapes are currently grown in a range of conditions across the world, and they continue to be the most widely planted vine in Germany.

Riesling wines are often sweeter and more fragrant than other white wines, with characteristics of honey, lemon, and peaches. Pair with: seafood, cheese, and sweets. On Wikipedia, you may find out more about Riesling wine by clicking here.


Sauternes is a sweet white wine produced in the Sauternais area of France and is known for its fruitiness. Sauternes wine is produced from a blend of grapes including Semillon, Sauvignon blanc, and Muscadelle. ‘Noble rot’ is a fungus that affects grapes that occurs as a result of the unique environment of the region. Noble rot causes the tastes and sugars in the grapes to become more concentrated as the grapes age. The wines of Sauternes are rich and luscious, with flavors of apricot, peach, and floral notes.

On Wikipedia, you may find out more about Sauternes wine by clicking here.

Sauvignon Blanc

Sauvignon Blanc is a green-skinned white wine grape that originated in the Bordeaux area of France and is now grown around the world. The Sauvignon Blanc grape is thought to have descended from a wild vine that grew in the south of France, according to legend. The grape is now widely farmed around the world and is recognized for producing a wine that is refreshing, dry, and crisp. With distinct grassy and pepper tastes, Sauvignon Blanc wines also feature fruity notes in addition to their other characteristics.

On Wikipedia, you may find out more about Sauvignon Blanc wine by clicking here.


It is a yellow-skinned white wine grape with a thin skin that was previously one of the most widely planted grape varieties in the world. Semillon grapes are now most often farmed in Australia, France, and South Africa, with the rest of the world catching up. Semillon wines are often off-dry and full-bodied, with honey and lemon tastes as prominent characteristics. White meat, fish, and veggies are good companions. On Wikipedia, you may find out more about Semillon wine by clicking here. Thank you for taking the time to visit winedryness.com!

See also:  How To Serve Dessert Wine Temperature

Is Chardonnay Sweet Or Dry? Finding Your Perfect Pour

If you were to ask any novice wine consumer to name a white wine, they would almost certainly respond with Chardonnay. This is due to the fact that Chardonnay is the most widely planted white wine vine in the world. However, these same individuals may be unable to provide an answer to the question “Is Chardonnay sweet or dry?” This is a very understandable reaction. Chardonnay may be either sweet or dry, and even experienced wine consumers may be perplexed about which is which. This is due to the fact that it boasts one of the broadest taste profiles of any wine available – red or white.

It is because of this that Chardonnay is both extremely pleasurable to explore and difficult to define in words.

Chardonnay is a grape with a high level of sophistication.

As a result, we believe it is critical for you to understand what Chardonnay wine is and how it differs from other wines. You’re about to find out how Chardonnay is manufactured, as well as whether it’s sweet or dry. You’ll be able to locate the appropriate bottles for every occasion this way.

What is Chardonnay – and how does it taste?

What is the definition of Chardonnay? The reason is that it’s the most pleasurable white wine vine to cultivate! It is said that the Chardonnay grape originated in the Burgundy area of France, and that it has a green skin. It’s a hybrid of two grape varieties: Pinot Noir and the nearly extinct Gouais Blanc, which means “white grape.” The Chardonnay grapes that resulted were a blessing in disguise. They are hardy and adapt well to a wide range of environmental conditions. They are also inherently neutral grapes, which means that the tastes and characteristics of the terroir where they are grown are absorbed by the grapes themselves.

The grapes were simple to cultivate, and the flavors were a delight to work with when it came to blending them with winemaking processes.

General Chardonnay tasting notes

In general, Chardonnay is a fruit-forward wine with a medium-to-full body and lower acidity levels than other varieties of grapes. It has a reputation for being relatively dry. (This does not rule out the possibility of it being sweet — we shall discuss this further later.) However, describing the flavor of a Chardonnay wine may be challenging due to the fact that no two bottles are exactly same. Some Chardonnay wines feature notes of lemon peel and crisp pear, while others have no such characteristics.

  • A buttery flavor can be found in certain bottles, while acidic notes can be found in others.
  • It can also contain notes of chalk, damp stones, mushrooms, caramel, and nutmeg in addition to the others mentioned.
  • Let’s take a look at what is responsible for each of these distinct flavor characteristics.
  • The winemaking process is one of the most essential components in determining the flavor of a Chardonnay wine.
  • Examine these two extremely distinct fermentation techniques for Chardonnay wine, as well as the flavor profiles of the wines produced as a result of each of these processes.

Oaked Chardonnay tasting notes

A Chardonnay that has been fermented or matured in oak barrels is known as anoaked Chardonnay. The unregulated temperature contributes to the occurrence of malolactic fermentation, which has an impact on the texture and flavor of the wine. In Burgundy, Napa Valley, South Africa, Southern Australia, and the region of Puglia, Italy, this technique of fermentation is favored among winemakers. Oak-aged Chardonnay will have richer, creamier flavors of butter and vanilla as well as tropical fruits such as pineapple, papaya, coconut, and baking spices.

These characteristics might give the impression that the wine is sweeter than it actually is, and many people who believe Chardonnay is sweet have only sampled heavily-oaked varieties. However, despite the characteristic buttery feel, an oaked Chardonnay is still a rather dry wine.

Unoaked Chardonnay tasting notes

This wine has a distinct flavor that is considerably different from that of its buttery sister, Chardonnay. Unoaked Chardonnay has been matured or fermented in stainless steel tanks rather than oak barrels, resulting in a more delicate flavor. This prevents the malolactic fermentation process from taking place, resulting in a drier, more acidic flavor. This kind of Chardonnay is popular in chilly regions such as the Willamette Valley in Western Australia, Chablis in France, and the Casa Blanca Valley in Chile.

Unoaked Chardonnay will generally have a stronger citrus fruit flavor, such as lime, lemon, or grapefruit, as well as a tart green apple flavor.

Despite the fact that Sauvignon Blanc has stronger acidity and more herbaceous tastes than unoaked Chardonnay, it may look more dry than the former when comparing them.

Let’s take a look at where Chardonnay stands on the spectrum of sweetness for wines in general.

Is Chardonnay sweet? The wine sweetness scale

Is Chardonnay a fruity wine? According to the vast majority of people – and certainly not according to a wine sweetness chart – no. Many people are under the impression that Chardonnay is sweet, similar to a Moscato or a Rosé, but it is really created in a dry style, unlike these wines. In the field of winemaking, the term “dry” merely refers to the fact that the yeast has consumed the majority of the sugars in the grape juice and converted them to alcohol. “Residual sugar” is the term used to describe any sugar that remains after fermentation has finished.

Chardonnay is a type of wine that often falls into this category.

Now, let’s take a brief look at a sweetness scale for white wines so you can determine if Chardonnay is sweet or dry:

  • Bone Dry (less than 1 gram of sugar per liter): Muscadet, Brut Nature
  • Bone Dry (less than 1 gram of sugar per liter): Muscadet
  • Chablis, Chardonnay, Pinot Gris, Sauvignon Blanc, and Viognier are examples of dry wines with less than 10 grams of sugar per liter. Off-dry (10-35 grams of sugar per liter): Riesling, Gewürztraminer wine, and other early-harvest varieties. Late-harvest Riesling, Barsac, Sauternes, Muscat, and other sweet wines (35-120 grams of sugar per liter): Sherry, Ice Wine, and other sweet wines (containing more than 120 grams of sugar per liter)

Even while Chardonnay is often considered a dry white wine, it is possible to get sweet Chardonnay in some regions. Chardonnay grapes may be used to make a variety of wines, ranging from bone dry to sweet dessert wines. Even if your Chardonnay is prepared in the dry manner, there are a variety of elements that might lead you to believe that your wine is sweet. What determines whether a Chardonnay is sweet or dry is unknown. Here is a look at some of the external elements that might have an impact on your bottle of wine.

Why is Chardonnay sweet or dry?

Depending on who you ask, sweetness might signify different things. A person’s perception of sweetness may differ from another’s perception of sweetness – but it is also one of the things we like about wine. It’s a fantastic trip to uncover your own specific tastes. The experience of sweetness is not necessarily associated with the amount of sugar present.

It might be due to the fruitiness, the alcohol content, a reduced acidity, or the method of production used to make the wine. Just a handful of the variables that might influence the sweetness of your Chardonnay wine are listed below:


Because Chardonnay grapes are so expressive of their terroir, regional differences in the tastes of Chardonnay wine play a vital influence in the wine’s overall flavor. Chardonnay grown in cooler climates will often be more acidic and lighter in body. These Chardonnay wines include notes of citrus or pomaceous fruit, as well as minerality, and their lower alcohol concentration makes them graceful and refreshing on the palate. Burgundy, Champagne, the Sonoma Coast, the Willamette Valley, Tasmania, New Zealand, Northern Italy, Germany, Austria, and Chile are just a few of the locations where this style is prevalent.

With a greater alcohol percentage, lower acidity, a larger body, and robust tropical fruit flavors of guava, yellow peach, pineapple, passionfruit, banana, or mango, this wine is a favorite among wine enthusiasts.

The sumptuous fruit tastes, on the other hand, might provide the sensation of sweetness as well.

Winemaking techniques

It is possible that the winemaking process has a significant impact on whether or not the Chardonnay is sweet. It is critical to consider the kind and size of the barrel. However, the quantity of time the wine spends in it as well as the fermentation decisions made by the winemaker have a considerable impact on the flavors that are produced. If a winemaker chooses to wood their Chardonnay, the Chardonnay may appear to be sweet to the taste because of the oak. When the malolactic fermentation process is completed, the result will be a buttery mouthfeel with notes of vanilla, caramel, or baking spices.

  1. The more time the Chardonnay spends in wood, the more intense the secondary characteristics will develop in the finished wine.
  2. On top of that, some winemakers may actually add sugars and other additives to their wines during the winemaking process.
  3. You certainly don’t want your wine to get too sweet as a result of this!
  4. If you’re searching for a Chardonnay that’s exceptionally dry, you might want to choose an unoaked variety.


Chardonnay should be served cold, just as you would any other white wine. Why? Because too much heat will cause the tastes to get jumbled, and the alcohol will become the dominant flavor in the glass. Because a higher quantity of alcohol can make a wine look sweeter, if you serve your Chardonnay at a temperature that is too warm, your guests may believe that your Chardonnay is sweet.

In contrast, if you serve your wine too cold, you will be unable to appreciate all of the subtle subtleties that are there in your glass. We recommend serving it at a temperature of 50–55 degrees Fahrenheit. You may cool it in an ice bath for 30 minutes or in the refrigerator for a few hours.

Harvest time

The sweetness of your wine can be influenced by the timing of harvesting it. The longer a grape is allowed to mature on the vine, the larger the amount of sugar it produces and the lower the amount of acidity it produces. Vintners in warmer climates frequently opt to wait until the Chardonnay grapes are fully mature before picking them. The grapes, which were formerly green, become golden-yellow as the harvest progresses, and the resultant Chardonnay is sweeter in contrast to other Chardonnay wines.

An early-harvest Chardonnay, on the other hand, would have an acidic and dry flavor profile.

How to find the perfect Chardonnay wine for you

When more than a quarter of Americans consume Chardonnay on a daily basis, you can be sure the variety is doing something great for itself. So now it’s simply a matter of finding the perfect bottle for you. It might be difficult to find a bottle of Chardonnay that you enjoy since one bottle is so distinct from the next. In addition, after you have determined your preferences, you will almost certainly be able to discover a Chardonnay wine that meets your needs and tastes great. If you like your Chardonnay to be sweet, you might want to consider a wine that has been aged in wood, comes from a warm region, or is harvested late.

Alternatively, you may choose a Chardonnay that has been expertly balanced, such as the Chardonnay wine from Halleck Vineyard.

It lacks the heavy butteriness that you would anticipate from an oaked wine — it has only been oaked for a short period of time, just long enough to round out the mouthfeel.

This results in a wine that has sharp acidity, abundant minerality, and a little salinity at the back of the mouth.

The Ultimate Guide To Dessert Wines + Infographic!

“I prefer any sort of wine, but it needs to be dry,” says the author of the book. The popularity of dry wines has soared in recent years, maybe as a reaction to the era of White Zinfandel and Blue Nun that characterized the wine business in the past. Dessert wines, which are some of the most historically significant, complex, and long-lived wines on the planet, are hardly on the radar of most wine enthusiasts because of the passionate aversion to sweet wines that exists. Dessert wines, on the other hand, should not be overlooked; they should be utilized to enrich the post-dinner experience.

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The process of utilizing the wine to enhance the dessert and vice versa can result in some truly amazing combinations of flavors.

These wines range from less sweet to more sweet, from light to super-boozy, and from best when consumed young to best when matured for decades. As a result, we’ve compiled the best guide to dessert wines that will satisfy each palate and any occasion.

Fortified Wines

Fortified wines, one of the most historically significant categories of wine, are produced by adding grape spirit (brandy) to a wine during or after fermentation, depending on whether the winemaker wishes the finished wine to be dry or sweet. Fortified wines are produced in two ways: during fermentation or after fermentation. Wine that has been fortified before fermentation has ended will be sweet because there will still be sugar in the wine itself, but a wine that has been fortified after fermentation will be dry because there will be no sugar in the wine itself.

Wine drinkers — mostly the English – learned to like the style, and the technique became established.


Sherry is one of the world’s coolest and most flexible dessert wines, yet it is typically avoided by wine enthusiasts because it might be scary to drink. The reason for this is that sherry, which is produced in a variety of various styles in the hot, southern Spanish area of Jerez, has a variety of personalities rather than a single one. There are three types of grapes that may be used to make Sherry: Palomino Fino, which accounts for the vast bulk of the country’s Sherry production, Pedro Ximénez (often known as “PX”), and Moscatel.

However, despite the fact that there are several Sherry classifications, the most straightforward method is to divide them into two categories: dry versus sweet, and oxidative against non-oxidative.

They should be enjoyed young and should not be stored for long periods of time.

In the middle there’s dry, semi-oxidative/semi-biological Sherry, such as Amontillado and Palo Cortado, which exhibit traits of both types while also having the capacity to mature.

Finally, there are the sweet, oxidative varieties such as Cream, Moscatel, and Pedro Ximénez, all of which have tremendous sweetness, fig-like tastes, and, in the case of Pedro Ximénez, the ability to age if properly produced.


Port, like Sherry, is available in a range of style categories, but unlike Sherry, Port is always sweet and is primarily made from red wine grapes. Port is primarily prepared using the indigenous grape Touriga Nacional, which is grown on terraced vineyards in Portugal’s Douro River Valley, as well as other local supporting grapes. Even though traditionally, Port was vinified in the Douro Valley and then matured downriver in the legendary Port houses of Vila Nova de Gaia, across the river from Porto, many smaller wineries are now opting to age their Port in the same location where it was originally vinified: the Douro Valley.

These include Late-Bottled Vintage (LBV) Ports and Vintage Ports, while LBV Ports and Vintage Ports have far greater concentration and complexity, and will benefit tremendously from bottle aging.

Colheita Tawny is the vintage form of this kind of Port wine, although while the wine may have been matured for a lengthy period of time at the winery, it will not benefit from additional bottle aging in most cases.


If Madeira were to be found in Westeros, it would unquestionably be among the Iron Islands, as it, too, adheres to the motto “What is dead may never die,” which means “What is dead may never die.” As a result of the fact that it has already been practically destroyed, this zombie wine from the warm island of the same name off the Moroccan coast (although it is nominally a Portuguese territory) is the most ageable of all wines.

The vinification process producing Madeira requires frequent heating and purposeful oxidation, two phenomena that are normally associated with the spoilage of fine wine.

It fluctuates in sweetness from drier to sweeter (in order of grape variety), and a bottle called Rainwater is often a mix with a medium level of sweetness.

Madeiras are responsible for many of the world’s oldest bottles of wine remaining in existence; they may endure for millennia and can be left open and out of the fridge for virtually an endless period of time.


Even though Marsala is commonly thought of as a basic cooking wine, it really has a lengthy history and is considered one of the world’s “big three” fortified dessert wines, alongside Sherry, Port, and Madeira, among other things. Marsala is the name of the region in which this fortified wine is produced, which is located around the city of Marsala in the northwestern corner of the island of Sicily and is known for its production of fortified wines. In most cases, it is created from white grapes, however red and ruby variants are available.

Depending on when the wine is fortified during fermentation and whether or not a cooked grape must called mosto cotto is added, the style of Marsala can range from dry to sweet.

This oxidative aging is responsible for the amber colour of Marsala, as well as the rich tastes of nutty, caramel-like, honeyed, and dried fruit.

If you want the best, expect to pay more (read: if it’s less than $10, you probably won’t want to drink it!). Look for bottles branded semi-secco or dolce to assure that you’re getting a sweeter variety.

Rutherglen Muscat

The region of Rutherglen Muscat is steeped in history, with many of the region’s producers hailing from the fourth or fifth generation of winemaking. While ultra-sweet, fortified wine may not be the first thing that comes to mind when picturing the landscape of Australian wine, Rutherglen Muscat has a long and rich history. In this hot area of Victoria, some three hours northeast of Melbourne, the reddish-skinned white grape (yes, really!) Muscat Rouge à Petits Grains is allowed to ripen on the vine for the majority of the harvest season, allowing the grape to develop sugar.

The result is a deep dark wine with robust flavors of raisin and prune, burned caramel, coffee, roasted almonds, and other fruits.


Banyuls is a dessert wine that is a match made in heaven for those who are die-hard, no-excuse red wine enthusiasts out there. Produced mostly from Grenache grapes in France’s southernmost wine appellation, Banyuls is evocative of young Ruby Port, but with a fuller-bodied red wine flavor. It is produced in France’s southernmost wine appellation, Banyuls, which is quite near to the Spanish border. Banyuls is a fruit-driven wine, despite the fact that it has been matured in barrel. It has strong aromas and flavors of cooked red berries, prunes, and spice, as well as a pronounced tannic structure.

Late-harvested/Noble rot wines

Quite simply, late-harvested wines are those produced from grapes that have been allowed to ripen on the vine until later in the harvest season, allowing them to become extremely ripe and to accumulate significant amounts of sugar. A kind of late-harvest wine, noble rot or botrytized wines are produced when healthy grapes are attacked by a fungus called Botrytis cinerea, which punctures grape skins and causes them to dry, concentrating flavors, sugar and acidity. Botrytis frequently incorporates its own distinct tastes, such as ginger, citrus essence, and honey, into the final product.


In the wine world, late-harvested wines are exactly what they sound like: wines created from grapes that have been allowed to ripen and accumulate a significant amount of sugar by being left on the vine for an extended period of time later in the harvest season. A kind of late-harvest wine, noble rot or botrytized wines are produced when healthy grapes are attacked by a fungus called Botrytis cinerea, which punctures grape skins and causes them to dry while concentrating flavors, sugar and acidity.


However, regardless of whether you agree or disagree, it is undeniable that Sauternes is one of the world’s most prized and expensive sweet wines, and that it is one of the world’s most expensive sweet wines. It is the gold standard when it comes to botrytis-affected wines, and it is created from the easily-attacked Sémillon grape, as well as Sauvignon Blanc and Muscadelle, and it is the most expensive. In this region of Bordeaux, winemakers visit across vineyards on a number of different occasions, collecting only noble rot-affected grapes as the fungus grows.

Dried fruit, saffron, honey, orange, golden apple, crème brulee, and many more flavors develop in the bottle and in the glass over time, maturing for years and years after the vintage is harvested.


Who would have imagined that Hungary would produce one of the world’s most celebrated sweet wines? Tokaji (not to be confused with its locality, Tokaj) is a wine created from the Furmint grape, which is strong in acidity and highly vulnerable to botrytis. It is most known for itsaszversion, which is prepared from late-harvested, shriveled, botrytis-affected grapes gathered in containers known asputtony. In addition to being very sweet, these barrel-aged Tokaji Asz wines are low in alcohol, have a thick mouthfee, and are frequently heavily honeyed.

It is arguably the sweetest wine on the planet, is extremely uncommon, may mature for more than a century, and is normally sold by the teaspoonful in small quantities.

Late-harvest Chenin Blanc

Chenin Blanc, cultivated in its various Loire Valley appellations, is another of those grapes that everyone knows, yet whether it’s dry or sweet, light or full-bodied, still or sparkling, it’s always extremely Chenin Blanc. Despite being the most well-known Chenin appellation in the Loire Valley, Vouvray can range from dry to sweet in a single location; the designations demi-sec, moelleux, and liquereux will indicate the presence of residual sugar. Sweet Chenin Blanc, on the other hand, achieves its apex in the Coteaux du Layon area of France, where grapes are harvested late in the season in many passes through the vineyard.

With the addition of the subregions of Bonnezeaux and Quarts de Chaume, the wines acquire notes of golden apple, honey, wool, and orange blossom that are highly sought after.

Dried Grape Wines

Dried grape, or passito, wines are produced using a process that has been employed for centuries in Italy, Greece, and occasionally Austria. After harvest, healthy grapes are purposely dried on straw mats or by hanging grape bunches from rafters, depending on the region. This dehydrates the grapes, concentrating the residual sugar and aromas, and resulting in a sweet wine with clean and raisined tastes that is generally served chilled. Because the juice is effectively being drained from raisins, the passito technique produces less wine than traditional vinification.

Vin Santo del Chianti

The wine known as “holy wine” may be found in numerous parts of Italy (as well as a Greek variation), but this particular variety from the heart of Tuscany is the most well-known. In addition to being fermented in small oak or (traditionally) chestnut barrels, Vin Santo del Chianti undergoes extensive barrel aging: between three and eight years, depending on the variety of grapes used and the amount of barrel aging. The wine is amber in color and made from Trebbiano Toscano and Malvasia grapes that are hung in whole bunches from rafters.

The wine is full-bodied and sweet, with characteristics of golden raisins and dried fruit. Do you want to try the most classic combination with Vin Santo? Take a bite of some biscotti!

Recioto della Valpolicella

Its sweet red wine, Recioto della Valpolicella, is in line with the legendary red wines of this region in the Veneto. It is created from dried Corvina, Rondinella, and Molinara grapes, and it is produced in the same manner as the region’s famous red wines. Traditionally, grapes are dried on straw mats or in lofts called fruttai, which guarantee that air flows through the grapes during the drying process, preventing mold from forming on the grapes themselves. Recioto producers will normally allow the wine to ripen until the alcohol concentration reaches around 14 percent alcohol by volume, after which they will cool the wine to halt fermentation and leave residual sugar in the wine.

Fun fact: According to folklore, the world-renowned Amarone Della Valpolicella was born after a Recioto grower made the mistake of allowing his wine to ripen to dryness!

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