Perfect serving and drinking temperature for Wine Guide
- Red wines should be served at 12°C-18°C, white wines should be served at 8°C12°C, and Champagne and dessert wines should be served at 5°C and 7°C. At least 30/60 minutes before serving, red wine should be decanted and poured into a glass. White wine is ideally served chilled
- If at all feasible, keep the wine cool while serving.
The temperature at which wine is served and the temperature at which it is stored are the two most essential features of wine. With the guidance of the ” Wine Storage Temperature Guide “, you may securely and effectively store your wine bottles at the proper temperature. When it comes to serving your wine (red, white, or sparkling), our ‘Perfect Drinking Temperature for Wine’ advice will tell you how to serve it at the optimal temperature for optimum pleasure without diluting the flavor or scent.
Why is the serving temperature of wine important?
The temperature at which a wine should be served is frequently disregarded. When it comes to wine, the temperature at which it’s served is significant in terms of bringing out the entire range of flavors and smells. Important to note is that each wine has a preferred serving temperature, and that one temperature does not suit all wines in all situation. Our guide provides the temperatures (in degrees Fahrenheit and degrees Celsius) that we believe are optimal for serving particular wines. As a general rule, red wines should be allowed to breathe for at least half an hour to an hour before serving, while white wines are best served chilled.
Drinking dry red wine somewhat cold is ideal, whilst serving sweet white wine slightly warm is ideal for enjoying sweet white wine.
What temperature should I serve wine?
We’ve created this table to assist you in determining the optimal temperature at which to serve your wine:
|Wine||Type||Temperature (˚F)||Temperature (˚C)|
|Vintage Port||Fortified Wine||66˚F||19˚C|
|Bordeaux, Shiraz||Red Wine||64˚F||18˚C|
|Red Burgundy, Cabernet||Red Wine||63˚F||17˚C|
|Rioja, Pinot Noir||Red Wine||61˚F||16˚C|
|Chianti, Zinfandel||Red Wine||59˚F||15˚C|
|Tawny/NV Port||Fortified Wine||57˚F||14˚C|
|Beaujolais, Rosé||White Wine / Rosé||54˚F||12˚C|
|Viognier, Sauternes||White Wine||52˚F||11˚C|
|Champagne, Sparkling Wine, Dessert Wine*Tip – Champagne is best served and enjoyed chilled||Sparkling Wine||45˚F||7˚C|
|Ice Wines||Dessert Wine||43˚F||6˚C|
|Asti Spumanti||Sparkling Wine||41˚F||5˚C|
When in doubt regarding the serving temperature for a particular bottle of wine, please contact Wineware. We will always be delighted to assist you, and we can add it to the chart shown above as a reference. Please have a look at our selection of wine serving accessorieshere.
Download and Print
Suggested Wine Drinking Temperatures is a PDF document available for download from Wineware. From now on, you may look forward to sipping your wine at the ideal temperature.
General wine serving tips
- If you are ever in doubt, serve the wine at a temperature that is a few degrees below room temperature. As the wine warms up to room temperature, this will allow the release of rich and strong scents to take place. D ecanting wine will also bring it up to room temperature, allowing the wine to breathe more freely. Pouring wine into the center of the glass would be ideal, but this isn’t always possible to do. Whenever possible, pour sparkling wines against the side of the glass to maintain their bubbles
- However, this isn’t always possible. No wine should ever be served at a temperature higher than 20 degrees Celsius (68 degrees Fahrenheit). The form of the wine glass is quite important to the experience. To help you choose the right glassware for your wine, Wineware provides a ‘What Are Wine Tasting Glasses’ guide to help you figure out what glasses to use for your wine. If you’re throwing a dinner party, it’s crucial to remember to serve the wines in the proper order so that everyone can enjoy them. You should attempt to serve lighter wines before full-bodied wines, and cold wines before those served at room temperature if possible. If you do not complete a bottle of wine, there are a variety of options for preserving it, including the use of wine bottle stoppers, wine shields, wine pumps, and argon gas, among other things. These wine preservation methods are both cost-efficient and successful in that they prevent the wine from going to waste. A good corkscrew is one that is made of high-quality materials and is trustworthy, such as the Laguiole en Aubracor aPulltap Waiters Friend Double Lever Corkscrew. Always keep an extra corkscrew on hand.
Wineware is always available to answer any questions you may have, so please do not hesitate to contact us if you require any more information or assistance on your purchase.
WINE SERVING TEMPERATURES
Serving wine at the proper temperature is almost as vital to the drinking experience as storing and managing it correctly. In contrast, while wine served too cold does not allow for the development of the complete bouquet, it does “cover up” certain small flaws, wine served too warm allows for the alcohol taste to overpower the flavor and bouquet of the wine. While the decision to drink wine at a certain temperature is ultimately up to the person, there are a few fundamental criteria that must be followed in order to guarantee that the wine is enjoyed to its full potential.
- It is also safer to serve wine at a somewhat colder temperature since the wine will warm up fast in the glass once it has been poured.
- Generally speaking, placing a bottle of wine in the refrigerator will chill it by around 2 degrees Celsius (4 degrees Fahrenheit) every 10 minutes.
- “Warming” red wine in the sun or next to a heater will have a detrimental impact on the flavor of the beverage.
- Most of the time, they also include a chart for easy reference.
- The majority of sweet dessert wines, including Sauterne, Ice wine, and “Spaetlese” wines, are made in Germany.
- 10 degrees Celsius to 12 degrees Celsius (50-54F) The light red wines of France, such as Beaujolais, and the light European red wines from Germany, Switzerland, and Austria are among the most popular choices.
- 14-16 degrees Celsius (57-61F) Shiraz, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, and Zinfandel are examples of matured red wines made from a variety of grape varietals.
Fortified wines such as Port, black Sherry, Marsala, Vermouth, Madeira, and Muscat are examples of this type of wine. 16-18 degrees Celsius (61-65F) Grand Crus that have been aged for a long time.
WineLoversPage – Straight talk in plain English about fine wine
|Dessert wine: How cold?It doesn’t take most of us long to learn the basic rule of wine-serving temperature: Red wines at room temperature. White wines cold. (The nuances and exceptions can come later.)But what about dessert wines?These sweet, strong after-dinner goodies don’t seem to fit neatly into either category.Rather than merely follow the conventional wisdom, I thought it might be more fun totestit.With a half-bottle of Quady “Essensia” California Orange Muscat ready for tasting (as promised in Monday’s “Muscat Ramble”), I set the scene by popping the bottle into the refrigerator in the morning. A half-hour before serving time, I moved it to the freezer for a short final chill.I started taking notes immediately, while the wine was still cold enough to frost the glass, and continued jotting down my impressions over the course of the evening as it warmed to room temperature.At its coldest, the wine seemed surprisingly light-bodied, almost thin, and the flavor – dominated by orange-peel – came across as rather one-dimensional. It “opened up” as it warmed, though, and after about an hour, when the glass was still quite cool to the touch but no longer ice-cold, its texture seemed thicker, almost velvety, and the orange peel had added attractive notes of mint and spice with a pleasantly bitter finish. Toward the end of the evening when it had come all the way up to room temperature, it was still tasty but seemed almost syrupy.The wine struck the best balance, it seemed to me, when it reached the middle of the coolness range – which, not coincidentally, approximates the natural temperature of caves and underground cellars, around 55F or 13C. In this instance, the conventional wisdom seemed justified, and I wouldn’t hesitate to advise drinking any quality dessert wine, from Muscat to Sauternes to Vintage Port, at a similar point.There’s no need for obsessive precision, though.Put your dessert wine in the refrigerator for an hour before serving, or maybe 20 minutes in the freezer (don’t forget it’s there!) until the bottle is perceptibly cool to the touch but not icy, and you’ll be fine. If you err on the cold side, no problem, just give the wine a few moments to warm in the glass.Your assignment for further study, if you choose to take it, is to try a similar experiment the next time you open a red wine, or a white.Challenge the conventional wisdom by tasting a red wine cold and a white at room temperature, and draw your own conclusions.Paying attention to the standard advice is always good. Checking it out for yourself can be even better.
Quady 2000 “Essensia” California Orange Muscat ($11.49/375 ml)This is a clear, bright golden-bronze wine with ripe, appealing aromas of orange peel and delicate spice, adding a pleasant minty nuance in the background. Very sweet and fairly full-bodied, light acidity and a pleasant bitter note in the finish add a bit of complexity to sweet-orange flavors. (Jan. 29, 2003)FOOD MATCH:Best served by itself after dinner, although I could imagine it with creme brulee or a dessert flavored with orange liqueur. For some dessert ideas, see Quady’s desserts page,.VALUE:Very good value by the relatively pricey standard of quality dessert wines.WHEN TO DRINK:I like sweet Muscat young and fresh, but its 15 percent alcohol would help preserve the wine should you choose to cellar it. Expect it to change after a few years, but it might be interesting to see what happens.WEB LINK:You’ll find the winery’s Essensia fact sheet here:.
CorrectionIn an act of exceptional carelessness in Wednesday’s Wine Advisor, discussing the vinous Super Bowl bet between the governors of California and Florida, I inadvertently wrote that ” Californialaw makes it a felony for anyone but a licensed distributor to ship wine (or any other alcoholic beverage) into the Sunshine State.”As I hope the context made clear, that should have read ” Floridalaw.” Thanks to all who sent kind and gentle notes pointing out the error.AdministriviaTo subscribe or unsubscribe from The 30 Second Wine Advisor, change your E-mail address, or for any other administrative matters, please use the individualized hotlink found at the end of your E-mail edition. If this is not practical, contact me by E-mail [email protected], including the exact E-mail address that you used when you subscribed, so I can find your record.We do not use our E-mail list for any other purpose and will never give or sell your name or E-mail address to anyone. I welcome feedback, suggestions, and ideas for future columns. Tocontact me, please send E-mail [email protected] the wine-tasting reports posted here are consumer-oriented. In order to maintain objectivity and avoid conflicts of interest, I purchase all the wines I rate at my own expense in retail stores and accept no samples, gifts or other gratuities from the wine industry.Friday, Jan. 31, 2003Copyright 2002 by Robin Garr. All rights reserved.Subscribe to the 30 Second Wine Advisor Wine Advisor archives
What is the right temperature to serve every type of wine?
In order to serve your favorite bottle of wine at the proper temperature, the temperature should be exactly right, preferably. If the temperature is too high, the alcohol content of the wine will be highlighted, resulting in a flat and flabby wine. If the wine is served too cold, the aromas and flavors will be reduced, and the tannins in red wines may appear harsh and astringent. The classic adage that white wines should be served cold and red wines should be served at room temperature is a good starting point, but it is not quite specific enough.
The Wine Temperature Serving Guide
This is because the temperature of a wine may have a significant influence on the way it smells and tastes when it is served at the proper temperature. By ensuring that our favorite bottle of wine is always served at the optimal temperature, we can assure that we will always have the finest experience and enjoyment from it. Here are my five general guidelines, which should be of use to you:
Non-Vintage Champagne/Sparking Wine and Ice Wine Should Be Served Ice Cold — 4 to 6 degrees
You should put your bubbly in the freezer about an hour before you plan on popping it. If you forget, you’ll end up with an explosion. If you’re pressed for time, you may simply drop the bottle in an ice bucket for 30 minutes, which will yield results that are quite comparable. The ice cold temperature will prevent the bubbles from becoming frothy and will keep them fine. It is recommended that you keep the open bottle on ice until the entire bottle has been consumed following the opening and pouring of the first glasses.
Lighter Bodied White Wine, Sweeter Rosé, Vintage Champagne and Dessert Wine Should Be Served Cold — 6 to 10 degrees
The best way to keep lighter-bodied white wines and sweeter roses cold is to put them in the fridge as soon as you buy them; however, if you buy the wine already chilled on the day you want to drink it, either leave it in the fridge for several hours or put it in the freezer for about 30 minutes before serving. It is recommended that you keep the open bottle on ice until the entire bottle has been consumed following the opening and pouring of the first glasses.
Full Bodied White Wine and Dry Rosé Should Be Served Cool — 10 to 14 degrees
Place full-bodied white wine in the refrigerator or, better yet, in a wine refrigerator as soon as possible after purchasing it for the greatest results and cooling. The wine should be removed from the refrigerator 30 minutes before serving, and after opening the bottle and pouring everyone their first glass, I prefer not to place it on ice, but rather to allow the bottle to sweat on the table, as the aromas and character of the wine change slightly as the temperature rises.
Lighter Bodied Red Wine Should Be Served Cooled — 12 to 16 degrees
Place full-bodied white wine in the refrigerator or, better yet, in a wine refrigerator as soon as possible after purchasing it for the best results! The wine should be removed from the refrigerator 30 minutes before serving, and after opening the bottle and pouring everyone their first glass, I prefer not to place it on ice, but rather to allow the bottle to sweat on the table, as the aromas and character of the wine change slightly as the temperature of the room rises.
Full Bodied Red Wine Should Be Served at Room Temperature — 16 to 18 degrees
Depending on the time of year, the average room temperature in Australia ranges between 20°C and 25°C, which is not the optimal serving temperature for most foods. Because of the powerful impression of alcohol that occurs when red wine is served too warm, it will lose all its elegance and freshness. It’s best to store a full-bodied red wine in the refrigerator 20 minutes before serving, or better yet, invest in a high-quality wine fridge and only take it out 15 minutes before serving to get the optimal serving temperature.
For those, like myself, who want to be even more exact, I’ve added some more thorough serving temperature recommendations for some of Australia’s most popular wine varietals further down on this page.
Recommended serving temperatures – All about sweet wines
On this page, we provide a solution to the topic of what temperature is the best for drinking a sweet wine. Please note that the temperature recommendations for serving are simply suggestions. In general, a complicated wine is served at a somewhat greater temperature range than a straightforward wine. If you write in the type of wine in the search box, such as late harvestorport, you will get the suggested serving temperature for that particular wine.
|Type of wine||Serving temperatur|
|Ambré Vin Doux Naturel||13° – 15° C|
|Amontillado Sherry||13° – 14° C|
|Ausbruch||10° – 12° C|
|Auslese (Selected Harvest)||10° – 12° C|
|Banyuls (Grand Cru)||13° – 15° C|
|Beerenauslese||10° – 12° C|
|Blanc Vin Doux Naturel||8° – 12° C|
|Colheita Port||16° C|
|Commandaria||10° – 14° C|
|Cream Sherry||13 ° C|
|Crusted Port||14° – 18° C|
|Eiswein(IceWine)||10 – 12° C|
|Fino/Manzanilla Sherry||7° – 9° C|
|Garrafeira Port||16° C|
|Grenat Vin Doux Naturel||12° – 13° C|
|Late Bottled Vintage (LBV) Port||16° C|
|Loire-Sweet wines||8° – 12° C|
|Macvin||15° – 17° C|
|Madeira||8° – 14° C|
|Malaga||7° – 11° C|
|Marsala||10°- 13° C|
|Medium Sherry||12° C|
|Moscatel de Setúbal||14° – 16° C|
|Moscatel Sherry||12° – 14° C|
|Moscato d‘Asti||9° – 11°C|
|Muscat Vin Doux Naturel||8° – 12° C|
|Oloroso Sherry||13 – 14° C|
|Pale Cream Sherry||10° C|
|Palo Cortado Sherry||13° – 14° C|
|Passito||8° – 13° C|
|Pedro Ximénez (PX) Sherry||12° – 14° C|
|Recioto||8° – 13° C|
|Rosé Port||4° C|
|Rosé Vin Doux Naturel||6° – 10° C|
|Ruby Port||12° – 16° C|
|Samos||8°- 12° C|
|Sauternes||10° – 13° C|
|Single Quinta Vintage Port||16° – 18° C|
|Spätlese (Late Harvest)||8° – 11° C|
|Straw Wine||8° – 13° C|
|Tawny Port||10° – 13° C|
|Tawny Reserve Port||12° -16° C|
|Tokaji||11° – 14° C|
|Trockenbeerenauslese (TBA)||10° – 12° C|
|Tuilé Vin Doux Naturel||13° – 15° C|
|Vin de Paille||8° – 13° C|
|Vin Santo||8° – 14°C|
|Vintage Port||16° – 18° C|
|White Port||6° – 10° C|
Ideal Serving Temperature for Wine (Red and White)
Does the temperature at which wine is served make a difference? As an example, consider the following question: does lemonade taste better at room temperature or ice-cold? Here are some recommendations for wine serving temperature dependent on the type of wine being served. Wine should be served at a temperature that is appropriate for the occasion. Serve red wines at a temperature that is somewhat lower than room temperature, between 62 and 68 degrees F (15 and 20 degrees C). In general, white wines should be served slightly warmer than fridge temperature, between 49 and 55 degrees Fahrenheit (7 and 12 degrees Celsius).
Subscribe to Wine Folly’s free newsletter and you’ll receive a practical guide to all things related to wine.
- The temperature at which wine is served makes a difference. Consider this question: does lemonade taste better at room temperature or ice-cold? If you answered yes, then According to the wine style, the following are some recommended wine serving temperatures. The optimum serving temperature for wine may be found in a variety of temperatures. 62–68 degrees F (15–20 degrees C) is a good temperature range for red wines, which is somewhat colder than room temperature. It’s generally recommended that you serve white wines between 49 and 55 degrees Fahrenheit (7 and 12 degrees Celsius), little warmer than fridge temperature. Wine is something you should learn about. Subscribe to Wine Folly’s free newsletter and you’ll receive a practical wine guide in your inbox every month. Obtaining Additional Information The ideal “rule of thumb” temperature for wine consumption.
Serving Temperature Tips
This indicates that the wine is overly warm if it burns your nose with the fragrance of alcohol. Try to bring it down to a more manageable temperature. Purchase the book and receive the course! With the purchase of Wine Folly: Magnum Edition, you will receive the Wine 101 Course (a $29 value) for free. Read on to find out more If the wine lacks taste, try warming it for a few minutes to bring out the flavor. (This is common if you keep your reds in the refrigerator.) Generally speaking, wine connoisseurs dislike it when white wines are served too cold and red wines are served too hot.
Lower-quality wines benefit from being served at a colder temperature since it muffles any potential defects in the bouquet.
Sparkling wines are delicious served ice-cold, but it’s vital to allow higher-quality examples (such as vintage Champagne) to warm up a little so that their scents may come to the surface.
Experiment on Your Own
The temperature at which a wine is served has a significant impact on the tastes and aromas that are released by the wine. It is also important to consider personal preference. If you want to drink everything ice cold, go ahead and do so, but first consider what you could be losing out on by not being exposed to milder temperatures. Check out our 7 Basics to Serving Wine for more information on all of the other useful guidelines for serving wine like a professional.
The Do’s and Don’ts of Chilling Wine
Sometimes, what appears to be a straightforward goal ends up necessitating a more complicated method. Wine cooling isn’t one of those things, fortunately. Follow a few simple recommendations, and you’ll be sipping your beverage at the perfect temperature in no time. Because of the differences in chemical makeup across wines, not all wines should be refrigerated to the same temperature. Acidity is the foundation of a white wine’s flavor. The tannins in ared contribute to the overall structure of the plant.
- Sparkling helps to keep carbon dioxide in check (CO 2).
- As a result, depending on the components in the wine, temperature can either mute or emphasize the flavor.
- Red and fortified wines from the Getty Estate: While things are changing, popular knowledge used to be that red wines should be served at room temperature.
- A steamy studio at 12 o’clock in the afternoon in August?
- It is no longer relevant to use the room temperature argument, unless you reside in a European castle where your boudoir is kept cool all year.
- Lower temperatures are preferred by lighter-bodied wines with more acidity, such as Loire Valley Cabernet Franc.
- Full-bodied, tannic wines such as Bordeaux and Napa Cabernet Sauvignon taste better when served slightly chilled, so store them in the fridge for no more than 45 minutes.
Like Goldilocks, finding the sweet spot in the middle is ideal.
Sign up for Wine Enthusiast’s newsletters today.
Thank you very much!
Policy Regarding Personal Information White, rosé, and sparkling wines are available.
Flavors are subdued when they are served too cold, on the other hand.
Sauternes and other dessert wines are included in this category.
The majority of Italian white wines, such as Pinot Grigio andSauvignon Blanc, belong within this category.
In order for sparklers to work well, they must be between 40°F and 50°F in temperature since CO 2 is better contained in cooler liquids.
Due to the richness and weight of vintage and prestige cuvée Champagnes, they can be served at the upper end of the price spectrum. Prosecco or other light-bodied fruity sparklers are preferable at the lower end of the price spectrum. Getty
How to Chill Wine
Preparation in Advance. This guideline may be applied to nearly anything in one’s life. Place the reds and whites in the refrigerator and take them out an hour or two before supper time. The recommended temperature range for a refrigerator is between 35°F and 40°F, depending on the model. If you have chilly places in your house that always freeze your lettuce, at the very least they will chill your wine more quickly. In terms of time, leaving bottles to chill in the door will not make a difference, but if you open the door frequently, place bottles further back on a shelf or in the crisper bins to save space.
- It’s something we’ve all done.
- While quality may not be compromised at such high temperatures, the likelihood of a shambles increases.
- This allows for the escape of oxygen, which in turn begins the clock on oxidative stress.
- The Fastest and Most Effective Way to Chill Wine.
- No, you are not allowed to take grandma’s Epsom salts.
- Fill a bucket or container with salt, water, and ice, and set it aside.
- The addition of salt lowers the freezing point of water below 32 degrees Fahrenheit.
Alternative Methods of Cooling.
Singles can be chilled with the help of a freezer sleeve that has been placed in the freezer.
Because of its lesser bulk, it takes less time to cool than a full bottle of wine would.
Of course, you may also store enough in the freezer to make several glasses at a time.
A chilly stem glass, in contrast to a big frosty mug, does not have the bulk or surface area to significantly reduce the temperature of your wine.
Finally, the internet will advise you to pour the wine into a resealable plastic bag and place it in a container filled with ice water.
How to serve wine
As odd as it may sound, selecting the appropriate wine to offer on a specific occasion may be nearly as exciting as drinking the wine in question itself. To have the feeling that the bottle, or bottles in question, are perfectly suited to the situation, the persons there, the hour of the day, and any food being served at the same time brings me great joy. Slowly but steadily, as my knowledge of wine has grown, I’ve come to understand a bit more about this facet of wine enjoyment, which is by no means a recent development.
And it is a form of art.
It is not fatal to offer a wine that does not complement your main dish or your guests’ preferences or expectations; but, a few basic considerations can guarantee that you and your visitors get the most enjoyment out of your wine and that the money you spend on wine is spent as efficiently as possible.
When it comes to the evolution of a wine, the most expensive bottles in a wine shop are typically tough little babies: mute, scrunched-up bundles of ingredients that require many years of bottle maturation before they begin to demonstrate, in mellow middle age, why they were so worth paying through the nose for.
I’ll never forget the first time I had the wonderfulChâteau Cheval Blanc 1947, which happened to be at an outdoor meal in a beautiful Suffolk garden, where the gentle breeze playedfully carried away every detail of its delicate aroma into the hot, blue sky.
Other instances of the correct bottles being placed in the incorrect location include: Mosel Riesling and robust stews go hand in hand.
Young reds that are tough and tannic, reserved for wine debutantes Midsummer at Châteauneuf-du-Pape is a great time to be drunk (or indeed most full-bodied, alcoholic reds in the heat of the summer that is responsible for that alcohol) How to Make a Decision It is worthwhile to attempt to match a wine’s: the level of quality styleflavour origins on a geographical scale sto:people– take into consideration the individual’s preferences, dislikes, biases, and alcohol tolerance levels.
- The nature of the occasion– whether it’s a casual get-together or a formal celebration– might have an impact on the most acceptable pricing range.
- What is the best location–inside or outside?
- foodstuffs – see More information may be found at Wine and Food.
- It is hard to overestimate the impact that serving temperatures have on the flavor of a wine when it is served.
In accordance with rule 1, if you find yourself with a bottle of wine that tastes (or smells) genuinely horrible but you have to serve or consume it, chill it to smithereens until it becomes inedible.
Rule 1 also states that the more naturally fragrant a wine (such as Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc, Cabernet Franc, or Gamay) is, the colder it may be served – a valuable insight if you’re in need of a refreshing drink in the heat.
When served too warm, sparkling wines can become unpleasantly foamy.
This is true for both whites and reds, and it applies equally to both.
Rule 3 states that cooling a sluggish wine will make it taste immeasurably better than it would otherwise taste.
According to Rule 4, young tannic or bitter red wines, as well as the full-bodied red wines described above, which would appear almost horrifically rough when served slightly chilly, can be tremendously enhanced by being served slightly warm.
Rough guidance as to suitable serving temperatures:
|Wine style||Ideal servingtemperature °C/F||Refrigerate for (hrs):|
|Light, sweet, whites||5-10 / 40-50||4+|
|Sparkling whites||6-10 / 42-50||4|
|Light (aromatic) dry whites||8-12 / 46-54||2|
|Sparkling reds||10-12 / 50-54||1.5|
|Medium bodied, dry whites||10-12 / 50-54||1.5|
|Full sweet whites||8-12 / 46-54||2|
|Light reds||10-12 / 50-54||1.5|
|Full dry whites||12-16 / 54-60||1|
|Medium reds||14-17 / 57-63||–|
|Full or tannic reds||15-18 / 59-65||–|
NB Roses behave throughout as somewhat fuller-bodied comparable whites, with a little higher alcohol content. When it comes to serving red wines, a cellar temperature of roughly 15°C is optimal since it falls within the optimum temperature range for most red wines as well as the more complex, full-bodied whites. In colder areas, it may be difficult to bring a bottle of red wine up to a temperature that is suitable for serving purposes. In this case, the wine should be put into a decanter that has been warmed with hot water before to serving it to guests.
In contrast, in hotter climes, it might be difficult to maintain red wine at a cold enough temperature, and lighter reds that can be refrigerated may be more acceptable in these situations (and more refreshing).
Wine should be poured into the glass until it is no more than two-thirds full, or preferably no more than half full, before it is served. This may look harsh or stingy at first glance; yet, it enables for the wine to be swirled and for the scents to be gathered in the upper portion of the glass and channeled towards the drinker’s nose. It’s impossible to accomplish any of this while ordering a huge 250ml glass of wine at a bar, which is then filled to the full. It is preferable to order a small glass and request that it be served in a large glass here.
Serving Temperature of Wine & When to Chill
The subject of chilling and serving wine is frequently regarded as a straightforward one, with white wines being served cold and red wines being served at room temperature. While this rule gives some guidance, it is by no means comprehensive, and in order to get the most enjoyment out of your wines, a far more nuanced approach is required, one that takes into consideration the style and body of the wine, as well as its color. The range of serving temperatures for white wines is lower than for red wines, and we can make broad generalizations about this while acknowledging that some very light-bodied red and rosé wines should be served at a temperature that is similar to, if not slightly cooler, than that of an intensely aromatic white wine with a full-bodied, fruity flavor.
Chilling Dry White Wines
For white wines, the amount of cooling necessary is dictated mostly by the body of the wine (light, medium, or full) and the concentration of volatile aromatic compounds in the wine. The lower the serving temperature should be, say 8-10 degrees Celsius, the lighter and less highly flavoured the wine, such as a Pinot Grigio, Chenin Blanc, or a less costly sparkling wine, the better (45-50 degrees Fahrenheit). The ideal approach to chill your wine is to fill an ice bucket up to two-thirds full with a mixture of ice cubes and cold water before placing the bottle in the bucket.
Depending on the temperature of the bottle when it is first opened, an immersion time of fifteen to twenty minutes should suffice.
Remember that the higher the quality of wine produced from these grape varieties (and, therefore, the more expensive the wine), the less chilling is recommended because the release of volatile compounds is inhibited at lower temperatures, resulting in a reduction in the flavor and aromas of the wine produced.
Chilling Red Wines
The traditional adage that red wine should be served at room temperature is well-known to most wine enthusiasts today. This “law” extends back to a time long before centrally heated dwellings were ever thought of, let alone commonplace in most areas. Even with a decent fire running, the average room temperature throughout these periods was in the area of 17 degrees Celsius. A medium to full-bodied cabernet sauvignon, pinot noir, syrah (shiraz) or similar wine would have tasted harsh and tannic if served directly from the cellar, which is why the room temperature regulation was instituted in the first place.
How about lighter-bodied red wines that are more approachable, especially in the summer months when a full-bodied red wine may be unsuitable, especially when taking into mind the accompanying cuisine?
Chilling Sweet Wines
Sweet wines can be cloying if not served chilled; if served too cold, the wonderful flavors that these wines can provide would be lost in the process. This means that sweet white wines like Sauternes, Tokaji, or Muscat as well as sweet red wines like Banyuls should be served gently chilled in the range of 13 to 14 degrees Celsius or 55 to 57 degrees Fahrenheit, at which temperature the flavors will be displayed to their best advantage. It would be okay to serve a less costly version of these dessert wines at a temperature that is a couple of degrees colder.
Chilling Fortified Wines
Whether or not to refrigerate fortified wines is a question of personal preference, as it is with many other types of wines. As an aperitif in Spain, dry sherries such as Fino or Manzanilla are frequently consumed chilled, and they make an excellent accompaniment to seafood canapés. Sweeter sherry varieties and Madeira, in particular, may benefit from a very gentle cooling, particularly in hotter weather circumstances, as well. Additionally, it is very uncommon to offer vintage ports very lightly chilled during the warmer months, particularly on formal occasions where dinner would have been lengthy and the palate will be in need of some refreshment after a long meal.
A word of caution: It is not recommended to use the freezer to quickly cool wine since it may be devastating if the wine is left in the freezer for an extended period of time and the contents freeze, resulting in a broken bottle as a consequence of the contents freezing.
If you really have no other choice, set a kitchen timer for a maximum of 15-20 minutes to avoid a similar disaster from occurring in the first place. In the category “Helpful Articles”
Fortified wines, like many other types of wines, are very subjective and depend on the individual’s preferences. Traditionally served chilled as an aperitif in Spain, dry sherries such as Fino or Manzanilla are a perfect complement to seafood canapés and tapas. A very mild freezing may also be beneficial to sweeter sherry types and Madeira wines, particularly under hotter weather circumstances, according to the winemaker. Additionally, it is very uncommon to offer vintage ports very lightly chilled during the warmer months, particularly on formal occasions where dinner will have been lengthy and the palate would be in need of some refreshment after a long evening.
A word of caution: It is not recommended to use the freezer to quickly cool wine since it may be devastating if the wine is left in the freezer for an extended period of time and the contents freeze, resulting in a shattered bottle as a consequence of conversation or another distraction.
Articles on How to Be More Helpful
- Wines with a full body (Bordeaux, Napa Cabs, Shiraz, Zinfandel) should be served at 63-66°F
- Lighter-bodied reds (Burgundies, Pinot Noir, Chianti) should be served at 57-61°F
- Light, young, and fruity reds (Beaujolais, Merlot) should be served at 54-57°F
- Full-bodied whites (Grand Cru Burgundies, Chardonnays)
GET THE LATEST ON VINTECMORE
Although we are all familiar with the many types of white, red, rosé, and sparkling wines, we are less familiar with sweet and fortified wines. It’s easy to ignore these unparalleled, flavor-packed classics – because that’s exactly what they are – simply because we’re not sure how, when, or with what to serve them. As a result, we turned to the professionals for practical advice as well as some intriguing culinary combinations. The discovery of other worlds beyond the exquisite but cliched Port-Stilton and Sauternes-foie gras pairings of old .
Nobly sweet wines
Winemaker Heidi Schröck from Rust in Austria’s Burgenland area prefers to serve her wines between 12°C and 14°C. She makes a nobly sweet Ruster Ausbruch as well as auslese, beerenauslese (BA), and trockenbeerenauslese (TBA) wines. She like ‘unexpected and innovative flavor combinations,’ and she makes this evident on her packaging and labelling. she says, but she also offers pairing prosciutto with spätlese or aged Gouda with BA, chili-cheese sausages with Ausbruch, or a lamb tagine with Ausbruch if you’re looking for something different.
- Chef Aline Baly of Château Coutet in the Bordeaux region has mastered the art of presenting sweet wines with each meal at her establishment.
- So don’t limit yourself to an aperitif or a dessert wine when it comes to these powerful, golden wines.
- “A colder temperature when wines are served with a hot entrée or a sweet dessert,” she says, referring to the recommended serving temperature of 9°C to 10°C.
- It is possible to serve middle-aged wines a couple of degrees warmer in order to enable the warm baking spices to manifest themselves.
‘These wines have a lot of character,’ Baly explains. “The idea that you can keep a bottle open for more than a week is something that many people are unaware of.” ‘ Schröck concurs, saying that Auslesen can endure for up to ten days and intense Ausbruch can last for up to three weeks. .
Matching Sauternes and Barsac with food
Only vintage Ports, according to Anthony Symington, brand manager for Symington Family Estates (which produces the Port labels Graham’s, Warre’s, Dow’s, and Cockburn’s), should be decanted before serving. He distinguishes between the ‘robust, youthful aromas of red fruits’ of bottle-aged ruby and reserve Ports and the ‘greater complexity, nut and raisin characteristics’ of barrel-aged tawny Ports. He also makes a distinction between the ‘robust, youthful aromas of red fruits’ of bottle-aged ruby and reserve Ports.
A bottle that has been opened for three to four weeks will last you three to four weeks.
A 10-year-old tawny port, on the other hand, is a good match for foie gras, according to the expert: ‘The acidity cuts through the richness and the sweetness compliments it well.’ Tawny may be stored in the refrigerator for up to six weeks.
In addition, fresh fruit is an excellent accompaniment.’ Vintage is the only type you have to consume quickly, as it fades after three days of purchase.
Tim Holt, the area director for Bodegas Barbadillo in the United Kingdom, lifts the lid on sweet Sherry types such as sweet oloroso and tooth-breakingly sweet Pedro Ximénez, or PX, and even brings back the much-maligned cream Sherry from the dead in this article. He recommends serving cream and oloroso cold in a tulip-shaped wine glass, although any wine glass would do for the occasion. When it comes to PX, he recommends the following: ‘Pour it over vanilla ice cream or try it in a tumbler glass over crushed ice.’ It works really well in this manner.’ PX is very wonderful when served with Bourbon Vanilla Ice Cream.
Hot Mexican habanero and Sichuan foods are also recommended: ‘Because of the high sugar content, it has a balsamic effect, which makes it ideal for these highly hot recipes.’ You’ll know what to do with all of that leftover turkey from Thanksgiving.
While sweet oloroso may be stored in the refrigerator for up to three months, PX does not require refrigeration and is so sweet that it can be stored for “up to a year at a time.”
Sherry and chocolate pairing ideas
Because even ‘dry’ Madeira has a rounded sweetness to it, Chris Blandy of Blandy’s Madeira recommends serving it at 12°C, while medium-rich and rich types (such as Bual and Malmsey) should be served at 15°C-16°C, according to Blandy’s Madeira. There is no need to decant any of the wines, and a tulip-shaped Port glass or a slim white wine glass is recommended. The good news is that ‘Madeira is almost indestructible,’ according to Blandy, who recommends just putting a cork back in, standing the bottle straight, and storing it in a cold, dark cabinet.
In Blandy’s opinion, “Comté with Sercial, roast chicken with Verdelho, foie gras with Bual” are all excellent pairings.
But who’s to say that Christmas cake, Lebkuchen, or mince pies won’t work just as well, if not better than this?
Leftover lusciousness: use every drop
The chef at Quinta do Noval in the Douro Valley transforms leftover late bottled vintage or vintage Port into a delicious, sweet sauce for pancakes, which he serves with fresh fruit. ‘A hefty pat of butter, two teaspoons of brown sugar, and a full glass of Port are required for four persons.’ In a saucepan, melt the butter with the sugar until it is boiling, then stir in the Port and serve. Never stop stirring with a wooden spoon, no matter how tired you are. Allow the alcohol to evaporate for approximately four minutes, or until the sauce thickens.
This is filled with a digestive biscuit crumbled on top of some sultanas, 30ml of Sherry, and a layer of fresh custard on top of that.
Once the double cream has set, apply another layer on top.
What can I do with leftover wine? Ask Decanter
The majority of us are aware that sparkling and white wines should be served chilled, while red wines should be served at room temperature, respectively. The following are the standard rules for serving temperatures for wine:
- Full-bodied red wine should be served at room temperature (14–18oC), with the bottle remaining cold to the touch. Full-bodied white wines and light-bodied red wines should be served slightly chilled at 10–12oC. White, rosé, and sweet wines should be served at 8–10 degrees Celsius
- The wine should feel cold, as if it were just taken out of the fridge. Drinking sparkling wine at 6–8oC is like to plunging your fingers into ice-cold water.
Wines with high acidity (such as white and rosé wines) taste better when served cold because the acidity appears sharper at lower temperatures. White and rosé wines should be served chilled to maintain their freshness and fruitiness. The scents of wine, on the other hand, get muffled at low temperatures, therefore it should never be served too cold because the flavors are then obscured. It is possible that some unprofessional restaurants may purposely offer their low-quality wine at freezing temperatures in order to conceal the fact that the wine does not have much scent.
A little higher serving temperature for richer white wines, where there is more complexity and aromatic components, helps to unleash more flavours by allowing the wine to breathe a little more.
Unless this is accomplished, the wine will seem cloying.
Unlike white wine, sparkling wine is served at a slightly lower temperature than white wine.
Red wine should be served at a warmer temperature if possible.
It will be overly heavy if red wine is served at an excessively high temperature.
As a result, during the summer months in Hong Kong, red wine should be stored in the refrigerator before serving.
In addition to having a high alcohol concentration (20 percent), port also has a strong acidity and rich scents.
If the wine is excessively warm, South Africans would typically put in ice cubes for approximately 10 seconds and then remove them before they melt, in order to gently moderate the temperature of the beverage. Like Foodie on Facebook to receive more wine-related stories like this.